Start Your Search
MA 10 - Immunotherapy I (ID 664)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
MA 10.11 - Hyperprogressive Disease (HPD) Is Frequent in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients (Pts) Treated with Anti PD1/PD-L1 Agents (IO) (ID 10222)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): C. Lefebvre
Using Tumor Growth Rate (TGR), HPD was identified in 9% of 131 advanced cancer pts, treated with IO in a single institution (Champiat et al. 2017). In this study, we explored HPD in a large, multicenter cohort of advanced NSCLC pts treated with IO.
We performed a retrospective analysis of consecutive NSCLC pts treated with IO, in 8 institutions, between November 2012 and April 2017. Eligibility criteria required, for each patient: 2 CT scans performed before starting IO and one during IO, an interval between two CT scans ≥2 weeks or 3 months (m) and presence of target lesions. CT scans were centrally assessed according to RECIST 1.1 criteria. We calculated TGR before IO (TGR pre-IO) and during IO (TGR IO); patients were defined HPD if they had progression disease (PD) at first evaluation during IO and a ≥ 2-fold increase in the TGR IO compared to TGR pre-IO. Median overall survival (mOS) was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method for the total population and HPD pts.
Among 419 eligible pts, 86 were excluded for inadequate intervals between CT scans. Among 333 evaluable pts, 63% were male, 46% ≥65 years, 43% smokers; 12% had PS ≥ 2, 65% adenocarcinoma, 45% ≥3 metastatic sites, 22% KRAS mutation, 4% EGFR mutation, 1% ALK rearrangement; 21% had PD-L1 positive status, 10% negative, 69% unknown, >90% received single agent PD-1 inhibitor in ≥ 2 line. Response rate (RR) to IO was 18%, median follow up was 12 m [10-14]. 33% of pts had TGR IO ≥1 (not regressing tumors), 25% had TGR IO ≥ 2-fold TGR pre-IO and 54 pts (16%) had HPD. 15 pts (4%) had confirmed pseudoprogression, 3 were initially qualified as HPD. Compared to not-HPD, HPD pts had more frequently ≥ 3 metastatic sites at baseline (59% vs 43% p=0,02) and more new lung lesions during IO (34% vs 17% p=0,007). PD-L1 negative status was more common among HPD pts but the association was borderline significant (53% vs 28% p=0,05). Age, clinical, molecular characteristics, RR to treatment before IO, baseline tumor burden, liver or brain new lesions during IO were not different according to HPD status. mOS was 13 m [10-17] in the total population, 5 m [3-8] in HPD pts.
HPD occurred in 16% of advanced NSCLC pts treated with IO and was associated with plurimetastatic disease and appearance of new lung lesions. Further work is needed to characterize HPD prognostic value.
Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.