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MA 10 - Immunotherapy I (ID 664)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
MA 10.11 - Hyperprogressive Disease (HPD) Is Frequent in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients (Pts) Treated with Anti PD1/PD-L1 Agents (IO) (ID 10222)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): B. Duchemann
Using Tumor Growth Rate (TGR), HPD was identified in 9% of 131 advanced cancer pts, treated with IO in a single institution (Champiat et al. 2017). In this study, we explored HPD in a large, multicenter cohort of advanced NSCLC pts treated with IO.
We performed a retrospective analysis of consecutive NSCLC pts treated with IO, in 8 institutions, between November 2012 and April 2017. Eligibility criteria required, for each patient: 2 CT scans performed before starting IO and one during IO, an interval between two CT scans ≥2 weeks or 3 months (m) and presence of target lesions. CT scans were centrally assessed according to RECIST 1.1 criteria. We calculated TGR before IO (TGR pre-IO) and during IO (TGR IO); patients were defined HPD if they had progression disease (PD) at first evaluation during IO and a ≥ 2-fold increase in the TGR IO compared to TGR pre-IO. Median overall survival (mOS) was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method for the total population and HPD pts.
Among 419 eligible pts, 86 were excluded for inadequate intervals between CT scans. Among 333 evaluable pts, 63% were male, 46% ≥65 years, 43% smokers; 12% had PS ≥ 2, 65% adenocarcinoma, 45% ≥3 metastatic sites, 22% KRAS mutation, 4% EGFR mutation, 1% ALK rearrangement; 21% had PD-L1 positive status, 10% negative, 69% unknown, >90% received single agent PD-1 inhibitor in ≥ 2 line. Response rate (RR) to IO was 18%, median follow up was 12 m [10-14]. 33% of pts had TGR IO ≥1 (not regressing tumors), 25% had TGR IO ≥ 2-fold TGR pre-IO and 54 pts (16%) had HPD. 15 pts (4%) had confirmed pseudoprogression, 3 were initially qualified as HPD. Compared to not-HPD, HPD pts had more frequently ≥ 3 metastatic sites at baseline (59% vs 43% p=0,02) and more new lung lesions during IO (34% vs 17% p=0,007). PD-L1 negative status was more common among HPD pts but the association was borderline significant (53% vs 28% p=0,05). Age, clinical, molecular characteristics, RR to treatment before IO, baseline tumor burden, liver or brain new lesions during IO were not different according to HPD status. mOS was 13 m [10-17] in the total population, 5 m [3-8] in HPD pts.
HPD occurred in 16% of advanced NSCLC pts treated with IO and was associated with plurimetastatic disease and appearance of new lung lesions. Further work is needed to characterize HPD prognostic value.
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