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C. Baamonde



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    PL 02 - Presidential Symposium including Top 3 Abstracts and James Cox Lectureship Award Presentation (ID 585)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Plenary Session
    • Track: Early Stage NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      PL 02.04 - SCAT Ph III Trial: Adjuvant CT Based on BRCA1 Levels in NSCLC N+ Resected Patients. Final Survival Results a Spanish Lung Cancer Group Trial (ID 9523)

      08:15 - 09:45  |  Author(s): C. Baamonde

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Postop platinum-based CT is considered standard of care in resected NSCLC with lymph node involvement. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are important DNA repair factors primarily involved in the repair of double strand DNA breaks. BRCA-1 functions may act as a differential regulator of response to cisplatin (Cis) and antimicrotubule agents. BRCA1 defficiency enhances Cis resistance and loss of BRCA1 function is associated to sensitivity to DNA-damaging CT and may also be associated with resistance to spindle poisons.

      Method:
      SCAT randomized phase III multicenter trial tests individualized optimal CT based on expression of BRCA1. After surgery patients (p) with St II and Iii NCSLC were random 1:3 to control arm (3 cycles Cis-Docetaxel) or to experimental arm with treatment assigned according BRCA1 expression levels (low levels: Cis-Gemcitabine; intermediate levels: Cis-Doc; high levels: Docetaxel alone). Stratification factors: N1 vs N2; age < or > 65 y; non-Squamous vs Squamous (Sq) histology; lobectomy vs pneumonectomy). Planned PORT in N2. Primary end-point OS. Secondary end-points DFS, toxicity profile (CTCAE v 3.0) /compliance, recurrence pattern. Statistical hypothesis: 5y survival rate control group (45%) could be increase 20% in experimental arm.

      Result:
      From June/2007 to May/2013, a total of 591 p were screened and 500 of them were randomized in the study, 108 in control arm, 392 in experimental arm. In experimental arm 110 p received Cis-Gem, 127 Cis-Doc and 110 Doc alone. There were no significant differences between arm for known prognostic factors: Median age 64 y; 79% males, 21% females; 43% Sq, 49% Adenoca, 8% others; 57% former smokers, 32% current smokers, 11% never smokers; pneumonectomy 26%; N1 58%, N2 48%. Median tumor size 4.4 cm (0.8-15.5 cm). Median mRNA BRCA1 levels 15.78 (0.73-132). Mean BRCA1 levels 6.95 in Adenoca vs 20.29 in Sq (p<0.001). Compliance of CT was better in experimental arm with less dose-reductions and without differences according extent of surgery. CT compliance was lower in patients older 70 y. Median PFS: 38.7 m (control), 32.2 m Cis-Gem, 34.3 m Cis-Doc and 41 m Doc. At 5 years, event-free rate is 54% in control arm and 56% in experimental arm and median OS 73.3 m (control) vs 77.5 m (exp) (p=0.75). In experimental arm: Docetaxel alone 80.2 m, Cis-Doc 80.5 m and Cis-Gem 74 m.

      Conclusion:
      Higher survival than expected in patients with lymph node involvement. No significant difference in survival achieved with the experimental arm. In case of high levels BRCA CT treatment without cisplatin is not detrimental. (Eudract:2007-000067-15; NCTgov: 00478699)

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