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MA 15 - Lung Cancer Biology II (ID 670)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Biology/Pathology
- Presentations: 1
MA 15.01 - LungBEAM: A Prospective Multicenter Trial to Monitor EGFR Mutations Using BEAMing Technology in Stage IV NSCLC Patients (ID 10145)
15:45 - 17:30 | Author(s): J.L. González-Larriba
Liquid biopsy is a promising approach to improve the management of NSCLC patients, offering a minimally-invasive alternative to tumor tissue testing and enabling timely monitoring of patients on-therapy. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the performance of the OncoBEAM EGFR plasma vs EGFR tissue testing across 19 Spanish hospitals and to examine the timing of T790M mutation emergence in patients during first-line EGFR TKI therapy with respect to radiological progression.
Blood samples from 112 therapy-naïve advanced NSCLC patients were collected at baseline and throughout EGFR TKI therapy. Results from OncoBEAM EGFR mutation were performed by Sysmex in Hamburg, Germany and then compared to those obtained by the initial EGFR tissue testing obtained at the referring hospital. In addition, the time at which T790M was first detected was compared to the date of progression determined by radiological imaging.
112 stage IV NSCLC patients (p) were enrolled between Nov 2016 and May 2017. Clinical characteristics: median age 65 y. , 81 female. Smoking pattern: never 70 p (62,5%), former 33 p (29.4%) and active 9 (8%). M1a 28 p (25%), M1b only brain 10 p (8.9%), only bone 17 p (15%). Baseline tissue samples: Exon 19 deletion 74 p (66%) , L858R 38 p (34%). Initial positive percent agreement (PPA) in 69 out of 112 p was 52/69 or 75.4%. Interestingly, the agreement between plasma and tissue EGFR mutation results for patients diagnosed at M0 was 56%, versus 81% with patients diagnosed at M1. In addition, the average number of days between tissue biopsy and blood collection for concordant cases was 128 days, versus 358 days for discordant cases. Currently, the tissue EGFR mutation status of all discordant cases is being re-examined using BEAMing. Preliminary results from serial T790M plasma analyses revealed cases where detection by OncoBEAM was observed several weeks prior to documented progression by imaging. More mature results will be available at the time of the meeting
Overall, these initial results show high PPA of plasma and tissue EGFR mutation status at baseline. Moreover, early detection of T790M in blood may assist in anticipating resistance to first-line EGFR TKI therapy.
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PL 02 - Presidential Symposium including Top 3 Abstracts and James Cox Lectureship Award Presentation (ID 585)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Plenary Session
- Track: Early Stage NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:Hisao Asamura, Keunchil Park
- Coordinates: 10/17/2017, 08:15 - 09:45, Plenary Hall (Exhibit Hall D)
PL 02.04 - SCAT Ph III Trial: Adjuvant CT Based on BRCA1 Levels in NSCLC N+ Resected Patients. Final Survival Results a Spanish Lung Cancer Group Trial (ID 9523)
08:15 - 09:45 | Author(s): J.L. González-Larriba
Postop platinum-based CT is considered standard of care in resected NSCLC with lymph node involvement. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are important DNA repair factors primarily involved in the repair of double strand DNA breaks. BRCA-1 functions may act as a differential regulator of response to cisplatin (Cis) and antimicrotubule agents. BRCA1 defficiency enhances Cis resistance and loss of BRCA1 function is associated to sensitivity to DNA-damaging CT and may also be associated with resistance to spindle poisons.
SCAT randomized phase III multicenter trial tests individualized optimal CT based on expression of BRCA1. After surgery patients (p) with St II and Iii NCSLC were random 1:3 to control arm (3 cycles Cis-Docetaxel) or to experimental arm with treatment assigned according BRCA1 expression levels (low levels: Cis-Gemcitabine; intermediate levels: Cis-Doc; high levels: Docetaxel alone). Stratification factors: N1 vs N2; age < or > 65 y; non-Squamous vs Squamous (Sq) histology; lobectomy vs pneumonectomy). Planned PORT in N2. Primary end-point OS. Secondary end-points DFS, toxicity profile (CTCAE v 3.0) /compliance, recurrence pattern. Statistical hypothesis: 5y survival rate control group (45%) could be increase 20% in experimental arm.
From June/2007 to May/2013, a total of 591 p were screened and 500 of them were randomized in the study, 108 in control arm, 392 in experimental arm. In experimental arm 110 p received Cis-Gem, 127 Cis-Doc and 110 Doc alone. There were no significant differences between arm for known prognostic factors: Median age 64 y; 79% males, 21% females; 43% Sq, 49% Adenoca, 8% others; 57% former smokers, 32% current smokers, 11% never smokers; pneumonectomy 26%; N1 58%, N2 48%. Median tumor size 4.4 cm (0.8-15.5 cm). Median mRNA BRCA1 levels 15.78 (0.73-132). Mean BRCA1 levels 6.95 in Adenoca vs 20.29 in Sq (p<0.001). Compliance of CT was better in experimental arm with less dose-reductions and without differences according extent of surgery. CT compliance was lower in patients older 70 y. Median PFS: 38.7 m (control), 32.2 m Cis-Gem, 34.3 m Cis-Doc and 41 m Doc. At 5 years, event-free rate is 54% in control arm and 56% in experimental arm and median OS 73.3 m (control) vs 77.5 m (exp) (p=0.75). In experimental arm: Docetaxel alone 80.2 m, Cis-Doc 80.5 m and Cis-Gem 74 m.
Higher survival than expected in patients with lymph node involvement. No significant difference in survival achieved with the experimental arm. In case of high levels BRCA CT treatment without cisplatin is not detrimental. (Eudract:2007-000067-15; NCTgov: 00478699)