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OA 05 - Next Generation TKI (ID 657)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Oral
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:James Chih-Hsin Yang, Fiona Blackhall
- Coordinates: 10/16/2017, 15:45 - 17:30, Room 301 + 302
OA 05.03 - Clinical Activity of ASP8273 in Asian Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with EGFR Activating and T790M Mutations (ID 7889)
15:45 - 17:30 | Author(s): S. Morita
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activating mutations confer sensitivity to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and occur in ~50% of East Asian patients with NSCLC. While initial TKI treatment can be effective, acquired resistance inevitably develops with a secondary mutation (T790M). ASP8273 is a highly specific, irreversible, once-daily, oral, EGFR TKI which inhibits both activating (eg, exon 19 deletions, L858R) and resistance (eg T790M) mutations.
This dose-escalation/dose-expansion study (NCT02192697) was conducted in two phases. In Phase 1, adult Japanese patients (≥20 yr) with NSCLC previously treated with ≥1 EGFR TKI were enrolled and received escalating ASP8273 doses (25–600mg) to assess safety/tolerability as well as to determine maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and/or recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). In phase 2, adult T790M-positive NSCLC patients in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan were enrolled to further define the ASP8273 safety/tolerability profile at RP2D and determine antitumor activity (assessed using RECIST v1.1). Antitumor activity in phase 2 was evaluated according to Simon’s 2-stage design (uninteresting response=0.3, desired response=0.5, α=0.05, β=0.1). If ≥9 of 24 ASP8273-treated patients achieved a desired response in the first stage, then 39 additional patients would be enrolled. If ≥ 25 of the 63 total patients achieved response, ASP8273 would be considered to have antitumor effects.
A total of 123 patients (n=47 phase 1; n=76 phase 2) were enrolled. In both phases, more women were enrolled. The median age was 65 years in phase 1 and 63 years in phase 2. Based on phase 1 findings, MTD and RP2D were 400mg and 300mg, respectively. As 27 of the 63 patients treated with ASP8273 300mg in the first and second stages combined achieved a clinical response (based on independent central review), ASP8273 was determined to have antitumor activity (ORR=42.9%; 95% CI: 30.5–56.0). The ORR at week 24 in all patients in the full analysis set was 42.1% (n=32/76; 95% CI: 30.9, 54.0). The median duration of PFS (central review) was 8.1 months (95%CI: 5.6,--). The most commonly reported treatment-emergent AEs (TEAE) in phase 2 were diarrhea (n=50/76), nausea (n=31/76), increased alanine aminotransferase (n=27/76), decreased appetite and vomiting (n=26/76 each), and hyponatremia (n=25/76). Drug-related TEAEs were reported in 93.4% (n=71/76) of patients, the most common of which was diarrhea (n=43/76).
ASP8273 was generally well tolerated and demonstrated antitumor activity in Asian patients with both EGFR activating and T790M mutations.
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P2.03 - Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy (ID 704)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
- Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy
- Presentations: 2
- Coordinates: 10/17/2017, 09:30 - 16:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B + C)
P2.03-010 - Updated Survival Outcomes of NEJ005/TCOG0902, a Randomized PII of Gefitinib and Chemotherapy in EGFR-Mutant NSCLC (ID 7948)
09:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): S. Morita
North East Japan Study Group (NEJ) 005/ Tokyo Cooperative Oncology Group (TCOG) 0902 study has demonstrated that first-line concurrent (C) and sequential alternating (S) combination therapies of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (gefitinib) plus platinum-based doublet chemotherapy (carboplatin/pemetrexed) offer promising efficacy with predictable toxicities for patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC (ASCO2014, Ann Oncol 2015). However, overall survival (OS) data were insufficient because of the lack of death events in the primary report.
Progression-free survival (PFS) and OS were re-evaluated at the final data cutoff point (March 2017) for the entire population (N = 80).
At the median follow-up time of 35.6 months, 88.8% of patients had progressive disease and 77.5% of patients had died. Median PFS was 17.5 months for the C regimen and 15.3 months for the S regimen (p = 0.13). Median OS time was 41.9 with the C regimen and 30.7 months with the S regimen (p = 0.036). Updated response rates were similar in both groups (90.2% and 82.1%, respectively; p = 0.34). Patients who had common mutations showed no significant differences in PFS according to type of mutation. Patients with Del19 displayed relatively better OS (median: 45.3 and 33.3 months for C and S regimens) than those with L858R (31.4 and 28.9 months). No severe adverse events including interstitial lung disease have occurred during the follow-up period since the primary report. In an exploratory analysis, there was no significant difference in post progression survival and overall survival between patients with progression of target or non-target lesions and those progressed with new lesions.
This updated analysis has confirmed that PFS is improved with first-line combination therapies compared to that with gefitinib monotherapy, and the C regimen in particular offers an overall survival benefit of 42 months in the EGFR-mutated setting. Our on-going NEJ009 study will clarify whether this combinational strategy can be incorporated into routine clinical practice.
P2.03-045 - Updated Results of Phase II, Liquid Biopsy Study in EGFR Mutated NSCLC Patients Treated with Afatinib (WJOG 8114LTR) (ID 9715)
09:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): S. Morita
Liquid biopsy has been approved as an optional method to detect clinically relevant EGFR mutations in NSCLC. WJOG8114LTR is a prospective, multi-institutional study of liquid biopsy in EGFR mutated NSCLC patients. Previously, we reported that complete molecular response at 4 weeks could be an early surrogate marker of durable efficacy. Here, we report updated results.
Chemotherapy naïve, advanced NSCLC patients with EGFR-sensitizing mutation received afatinib monotherapy (40 mg/body) until progressive disease (PD) or unacceptable toxicity. Plasma DNA was obtained from patients at baseline, weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, and at PD. Three types of clinically relevant EGFR mutations (exon 19 deletion, exon 20 T790M and exon 21 L858R) will be analyzed using plasma DNA with multiplexed, pico-droplet digital PCR assay (RainDrop® system, RainDance Technologies, Billerica, MA). Complete molecular response (CMR) was defined as mutant allele event/frequency of exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R below the cutoff for the positivity by digital PCR in plasma. This study was registered at UMIN (ID: 000015847).
Fifty-seven patients were registered in the study. Efficacy of afatinib was comparable to previous reports (overall response rate: 78.6%, and median progression-free survival (mPFS): 14.2 months). At baseline, 62.5% of patients (35/56) were positive for EGFR mutation in plasma. Among those, CMR rate at 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 weeks was 60.6%, 87.5%, 93.8%, 87.1%, and 83.3%, respectively. About 40% of patients who achieved CMR at any time point maintain CMR at 48 weeks and had durable progression-free survival (more than 400 days). At the time of analysis, 17 patients experienced disease progression, and 14 plasma samples were collected. Of those, 8 (57.1%) were positive for mutation in plasma. In five patients, plasma progression was observed prior to radiological progression. Exon 20 T790M was detected in five patients (detection rate: 62.5%).
Among EGFR mutated NSCLC patients, liquid biopsy was a useful method to predict durable efficacy and progression. Applicability of liquid biopsy should be explored in further study.