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S. Dearden



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    OA 05 - Next Generation TKI (ID 657)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Oral
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      OA 05.02 - Osimertinib vs SoC EGFR-TKI as First-Line Treatment in Patients with EGFRm Advanced NSCLC (FLAURA): Plasma ctDNA Analysis (ID 8978)

      15:45 - 17:30  |  Author(s): S. Dearden

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      FLAURA (NCT02296125) is a Phase III, double-blind, randomized study assessing efficacy and safety of osimertinib vs standard of care (SoC) EGFR-TKI as first-line treatment for patients with EGFRm advanced NSCLC. Concordance between tissue and plasma testing for EGFRm (Ex19del/L858R), and progression-free survival (PFS) by baseline plasma EGFRm status were evaluated.

      Method:
      Eligible patients: ≥18 years (Japan ≥20 years); Ex19del/L858R mutation-positive lung adenocarcinoma; no prior systemic anti-cancer/EGFR-TKI therapy for advanced NSCLC. Randomization: 1:1 to osimertinib 80 mg once daily (qd) orally (po) or SoC (gefitinib 250 mg or erlotinib 150 mg, qd po). At baseline, patients provided tumor tissue samples for central analysis of EGFRm status (cobas EGFR Mutation Test) and blood samples for retrospective analysis of EGFRm status by plasma ctDNA (cobas EGFR Mutation Test v2). PFS by baseline plasma EGFRm status was assessed. Comparison of EGFRm status between baseline tumor tissue and evaluable ctDNA samples was an exploratory endpoint.

      Result:
      Globally, 556 patients were randomized: osimertinib, n=279; SoC, n=277. Good concordance was observed between central laboratory tissue and plasma testing for EGFRm in the screened population (see table). In plasma EGFRm-positive patients (n=359), osimertinib (n=183) reduced the risk of progression or death by 56% vs SoC (n=176), hazard ratio (HR) 0.44 (95% CI 0.34, 0.57). This was consistent with the overall PFS result observed with osimertinib vs SoC in the full analysis set (FAS; tumor tissue EGFRm-positive by local/central testing), HR 0.46 (95% CI 0.37, 0.57); p<0.0001 and in plasma EGFRm-negative patients (n=124: osimertinib, n=60; SoC, n=64), HR 0.48 (95% CI 0.28, 0.80).Figure 1



      Conclusion:
      In the subgroup of plasma EGFRm-positive patients, clinical benefit of osimertinib was superior to SoC, consistent with the overall FLAURA FAS. These results, and good concordance between tissue and plasma testing for EGFRm, support the utility of plasma EGFRm testing for selecting patients eligible for first-line osimertinib treatment.

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