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P. Kurppa

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    MA 06 - Lung Cancer Biology I (ID 660)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Biology/Pathology
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA 06.01 - Cancer Testis Antigens and Mutational Load in Relation to the Immune Landscape of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 9369)

      15:45 - 17:30  |  Author(s): P. Kurppa

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      The avoidance of immune surveillance by tumor cells is an accepted hallmark of cancer. The aim of this study was to describe the natural immune landscape of NSCLC tissue, to identify important regulatory associations and potential targets of immune response. This includes mutational load and cancer testis antigen (CTA) expression, and the comprehensive analysis of tumor infiltrating immune cells in connection with immune signaling and clinical information.

      Tissue microarrays including duplicate cancer samples of 357 NSCLC patients were stained with antibodies against CD3, CD4, CD8, CD45RO, FoxP3, CD20, CD138, and CD44 to analyze the protein expression in the stroma and tumor compartment. For 197 of these cases, corresponding RNA-seq data were available. The immunological data were correlated to the transcriptomic data and to patients’ clinical outcome. The mutation status and the mutational load was based on a targeted next-generation sequencing panel of 82 genes (HaloPlex).

      The immune cell infiltration was predominantly in the stroma, although CD8 and FoxP3 cells also showed relevant infiltration of the tumor cell compartment. The amount of T-cells of different subsets and CD20-positive B-cells correlated positively to each other. A higher mutational load was associated with higher CD8 T-cell infiltrates, CD45RO cells, FoxP3 regulatory cells as well as CD20-positive B-cells in the tumor compartment. In contrast, the number of expressed CTAs were associated with an abundance of CD45RO-positive cells in the stromal compartment. Only CD44-positivity (HR = 0.61, p< 0.01) as well as high CD20 positive B-cells (HR = 0.34, p< 0.01) and plasma cell (CD138, HR = 0.71, p< 0.05) counts in the tumor, and for plasma cells also the stromal (HR = 0.61, p< 0.01), compartment were associated with longer overall survival.

      Here we describe natural immune profiles in a large clinical NSCLC patient cohort. Interestingly both mutational load and CTA expression is associated with the abundance of distinct immune cell infiltrates. We could not confirm the impact of tumor infiltrating T-cells on survival. However, the consistent prognostic impact of both B-cell markers indicates a major role of the humoral immune response in lung cancer.

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