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MA 05 - Immuno-Oncology: Novel Biomarker Candidates (ID 658)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
MA 05.03 - The Early Monitoring of Derived Neutrophil-To Lymphocyte Ratio (dNLR) Could Be a Surrogate Marker of Benefit of Immunotherapy in NSCLC (ID 10147)
15:45 - 17:30 | Author(s): G. Martinez
Baseline high derived NLR (dNLR>3, neutrophils/(leucocytes-neutrophils) ratio) has recently correlated with no benefit to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) in advanced NSCLC, but the dynamic monitoring of dNLR has not been assessed in this population.
dNLR at baseline, at 2[nd] cycle and at progressive disease were retrospectively collected in advanced NSCLC patients treated with ICI from November 2012 to April 2017, in a multicentric cohort (N= 292) from 4 European centers. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), and secondary endpoints were progression free survival (PFS), response rate (RR) and disease control rate (DCR).
Out of 292 patients (67%) were males, 264 (92%) smokers and 239 (83%) with PS ≤1, with median age 64 years; 153 (52%) had adenocarcinoma and 114 (30%) squamous; 44 (15%) were KRASmut, 11 (4%) EGFRmut and 3 (1%) ALK positive. PDL1 was ≥ 1% by immunohistochemistry in 67 (76%), negative in 21 (24%) and unknown in 204 patients. The median of prior lines was 1 (0-10). The median follow-up was 12 months (m) [11-14]. The median PFS and OS were 4m [3-5] and 11m [9-15]. Baseline dNLR was>3 in 106 patients (36%) and at 2[nd] cycle in 90 patients (32%). dNLR>3 at baseline and at 2[nd] cycle were associated with poor PFS (p<0.0001 and p=0.0008, respectively), poor OS (both p<0.0001) and progressive disease (p=0.002 and p=0.005, respectively). At 2[nd] cycle of ICI, the dNLR status (> high or ≤ 3 low) changed in 63 patients: in 38 (14%) dNLR decreased; in 25 (9%) dNLR increased. According to the dNLR monitoring (combining dNLR at baseline et at 2[nd] cycle), the median OS was 17m (95%CI 13-NA) when dNLR remained low (n=153), 10m (95%CI 7-NA) when dNLR changed (n=64) and 4m (95%CI 3-7) when dNLR remained high (dNLR>3, n=64, p<0.0001).The dNLR monitoring was also associated with PFS (p=0.002), RR and DCR (p=0.003 and p=0.013, respectively).
Monitoring dNLR at baseline and at 2[nd] cycle could be a routinely tool to early assess benefit to ICI in NSCLC patients on treatment. The dNLR monitoring showed a strong correlation with OS and PFS. Modification of dNLR between baseline and 2[nd] cycle impacts outcomes in NSCLC patients treated with ICI.
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