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C. Elder

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    OA 01 - The New Aspect of Radiation Therapy (ID 652)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Oral
    • Track: Radiotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      OA 01.01 - A Randomized Trial of SABR vs Conventional Radiotherapy for Inoperable Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: TROG 09.02 (CHISEL) (ID 8628)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): C. Elder

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Although stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) is now well established as a treatment for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), there is limited evidence that it is as or more effective than conventional fully fractionated radiotherapy (CRT). We conducted a randomized trial to determine if SABR results in longer time to local failure than CRT.

      This was a multicentre trial of the Trans-Tasman Radiation Oncology Group (TROG) and Australasian Lung Cancer Trials Group, registration number NCT01014130. Patients were eligible if they had biopsy proven stage I (T1- T2a N0M0) NSCLC based on PET and were medically inoperable or refused surgery. Patients had to be performance status ECOG 0 or 1, and the tumor had to be at least 2 cm or more from the bifurcation of the lobar bronchus. Patients were randomized 2:1 to SABR (54 Gy in 3 fractions, or 48 Gy in 4 fractions, depending on proximity to the chest wall, to the isodose covering the PTV) or to CRT (66 Gy in 33 fractions or 50 Gy in 20 fractions). The primary objective was to compare time to local failure between arms. Assuming that the rate of local failure at 2 years would be 10% in patients randomized to SABR versus 30% in patients randomized to CRT, 100 patients were required. All living patients were followed for a minimum of 2 years. Analysis was based on the intention to treat principle. Funding: In Australia: Grant #1060822 was awarded through Cancer Australia. In New Zealand, The Cancer Society of New Zealand and the Genesis Oncology Trust.

      Between 12/09 and 6/15, 101 patients were enrolled. There were 56 males and 45 females with a median age of 74 years (range 55-89), ECOG performance status – 28 were 0, 71 were 1 and 1 was 2. TNM stage was T1N0M0 in 71 and T2aN0M0 in 30. Sixty six patients were randomized to SABR and 35 patients to CRT. Patients randomized to SABR had superior freedom from local failure (HR = 0.29, 95% CI 0.130, 0.662, P=0.002) and longer overall survival (HR = 0.51, 95% CI 0.51, 0.911, P=0.020). Worst toxicities by arm were: CRT grade 3, 2 patients; SABR grade 4, 1 patient and grade 3, 9 patients.

      In patients with inoperable stage I NSCLC, compared with CRT, SABR resulted in superior freedom from local failure and was associated with an improvement in overall survival.

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