Start Your Search
MA 04 - Advocacy: Listen to the Patients (ID 655)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Patient Advocacy
- Presentations: 1
MA 04.07 - Understanding Patient Barriers to Utilization of Low Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening (ID 9624)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): F. Dako
Despite evidence that lung cancer disproportionately affects minority populations, there is a paucity of data describing the impact of lung cancer screening. Results of NLST may not be generalizable to all populations given that 91% of the participants were Caucasians. Further study of lung cancer screening in a diversity of racial and ethnic groups is a necessary step in the implementation of lung cancer screening. Before underrepresented populations can be screened, community perceptions about lung cancer screening must be explored and barriers to screening must be identified. The purpose of our study was to identify potentially correctable barriers to obtaining LDCT for lung cancer screening in a diverse, but predominantly African American population.
We developed a questionnaire consisting of 22 items. Five questions assessed patient demographics including socioeconomic status and insurance coverage. Two questions assessed patient access and utilization of health care. Three questions assessed smoking history and prevalence in interpersonal relationships. One questions assessed patient concern about lung cancer. Two questions measured patient knowledge about lung cancer. One question addressed patient willingness to go to a doctor’s appointment to learn more about lung cancer screening. One question elicited whether LDCT had been mentioned by a healthcare provider. Six questions assessed awareness and knowledge about LDCT lung cancer screening. One question addressed reasons for non-adherence to appointments.
The questionnare was complete by 100 patients. Almost all of our patients reported having health insurance and a primary care doctor (96%). 50% of patients are current or former smokers. 83% are current or former smokers or have friends and/or family members who are heavy/long time smokers. 90% of patients knew that smoking is the most common cause of lung cancer. 56% of patients know that lung cancer can be treated successfully at least sometimes. 81% of patients reported to be at least somewhat concerned that they or someone they know can die of lung cancer. 87% of patients are willing to go to a doctor’s appointment to learn more about lung cancer screening. 100 % of patients reported to have not heard about LDCT from their doctors. The average score was 2/6 (33%) on items accessing knowledge about lung cancer screening. Cost was the most frequently reported reason (52%) for nonadherence to appointments.
Our study was able to identify potentially correctable barriers to utilization of low dose CT lung cancer screening such a lack of primary care support and perceived cost.
Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.