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MA 04 - Advocacy: Listen to the Patients (ID 655)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Patient Advocacy
- Presentations: 1
MA 04.01 - Prospective Comparative Evaluation of Patient and Caregiver Perspectives on a Multidisciplinary Model of Lung Cancer Care (ID 10279)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): W. Hastings
Coordinated multidisciplinary (MD) lung cancer care, with all key specialists concurrently providing early input to develop a consensus care plan in collaboration with patients and their caregivers, may improve patient-centered outcomes over the usual serial care (SC) model, but needs rigorous evaluation.
Prospective, longitudinal study comparing newly-diagnosed lung cancer patients receiving MD vs. SC within the same US healthcare system. The MD intervention was implemented from lung cancer care initiation until definitive treatment decision. After that, both cohorts of patients received their actual cancer treatments within the same environments. At baseline and 6 months, patients completed treatment-related satisfaction measures from the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy- Lung (FACT-L) quality of life instrument. All measures were coded so that larger scores are better. Time-specific comparisons were made with the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test and changes from baseline to 6 months were compared between MD vs. SC patients in mixed linear models.
The 463 patients who participated (156 MD, 307 SC) were similar in sex and health insurance. MD cohort was slightly older (69 v 66 years), with more racial minorities (37% v 29%). Patients receiving MD care reported greater satisfaction with the treatment plan (p=0.0266) and overall quality of care (p<0.0010) at 6 months. Additionally, satisfaction with the treatment plan showed greater improvement over time for MD vs. SC (p-value for trend=0.0046). SC patients showed more improvement in satisfaction with overall care than MD patients, but did not reach the level of satisfaction of MD patients at 6 months (p-value for trend=0.0018). Caregivers of MD patients perceived receiving better quality of care compared to other lung cancer patients than caregivers of SC patients (p=0.0049). Caregiver satisfaction did not differ between MD and SC in the communication measures or overall quality, and did not have significant differences in the trend over time. Patient reported Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) improved from baseline to 6 months for the lung cancer-specific scale compared with no change with SC (p-value for trend= 0.0334). Other HRQOL scales were similar between groups
Compared with SC patients, MD patients experienced improved lung cancer-specific HRQOL and greater satisfaction with both treatment plan and quality of care received. MD patients’ caregivers were more likely than SC patients’ caregivers to think their care was better than that of other patients.
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