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MA 03 - Chemotherapy (ID 651)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MA 03.10 - Prognostic Factors in NSCLC Patients Treated with a Fourth-Line Therapy (ID 7455)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): X. Dhalluin
Emergence of new active drugs and improvement in supportive care make it more likely for patients with advanced NSCLC to receive a fourth-line therapy.However, no survival benefit of such treatment has ever been demonstrated yet, although some studies suggest that it may be effective in selected patients. A better selection could avoid exposing patients to futile and toxic treatments. We conducted a study aiming at identifying prognostic factors in patients with advanced NSCLC treated with a fourth-line therapy.
In this retrospective, multicentric study, patients with advanced NSCLC receiving a fourth-line therapy were included. Factors associated with prolonged overall survival (OS, defined as OS >6 months) were identified by univariate and multivariate analysis using a Forward method.
151 patients were included in this study between Jan 2015 and Dec 2016. Median age was 60 (range 55-64). Most patients were male (70%) and had adenocarcinoma (72%). Most common prior treatments included platinum-based chemotherapy (92%), single-agent chemotherapy (81%), targeted therapies (46%) and immunotherapy (9%). Median OS was 7.39 months (6.7-9.43). Nine factors were significantly associated with OS >6 months: current smoker (Hazard Ratio (HR) 1.99, 95% confidence interval[1.16-3.41]), former smoker (HR 0.51[0.30-0.98]), Karnofsky Index (KI) ≥ 90% at the start of fourth-line therapy (HR 0.35[0.19-0.65]), weight loss since first-line therapy (HR 1.85[1.06-3.23]), early stage at diagnosis (HR 0.48[0.24-0.96]), number of cycles and delay since first-line therapy (HR 0.94[0,89-0,99]and 0.99[0.99-1]), Progressive Disease (PD) as Best Objective Response (BOR) in the first 3 lines of treatment (HR 2.92[1.9-5.37]), absence of grade ≥ 3 Adverse Events (AEs) during first-line therapy(HR 0.54[0.31-0.94]). Among them, 4 independent variables were found to be statistically significant by multivariate analysis, including early stage at diagnosis (HR 0.37[0.16-0.58]), absence of grade ≥ 3 AEs during first-line therapy (HR 0.56[0.32-0.98]), PD as BOR in the first 3 lines of treatment (HR 3.06[1.64 -5.73]) and KI ≥ 90% at the start of fourth-line therapy (HR 0.31[0.16-0.58]).
We highlighted 4 factors significantly associated with OS >6 months in patients treated with fourth-line advanced NSCLC. These factors need to be prospectively assessed to confirm if they could help identifying patients who may benefit from fourth-line therapy.
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