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MA 03 - Chemotherapy (ID 651)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MA 03.07 - The Predictive Value of Interferon-γ Release Assays (IGRA) for Chemotherapy Response in Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Patients (ID 8059)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): W. Su
Background: INF-γ had recently been known to take part in cancer immunology and its interactions with chemotherapy were also described. Our previous study had showed that impaired PHA-stimulated INF-γ (PSIG) response from peripheral lymphocytes was associated with lower one-year overall survival in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between PSIG and chemotherapy response.
Form January 2011 to August 2012, 340 newly-diagnosed lung cancer patients from 4 referral centers in Taiwan were enrolled in a prospective latent TB observational study. Patients who had advanced NSCLC and had been treated with chemotherapy were included in this study. The pretreatment PSIG levels were evaluated by Interferon-Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) with QuantiFERON-TB In-Tube (Qiagen, Germany). Patients were grouped into high PHA response group if their PSIG levels were above the median level; the others were grouped into low PHA response group. Their demographic characteristics, tumor response, and survival were investigated and correlated with PSIG levels.
Eighty-four patients were enrolled in this study. The response rate in high PHA response group was 45.2%, versus 35.7% in lower PHA response group (p=0.999190). The disease control rate in high PHA response group was 76.2%, versus 52.4% in low PHA response group (p=0. 023999). In multivariate analysis, PSIG response was an independent predictor for disease control rate (OR=3.017, 95% CI= 1.115-8.165). Also, the Kaplan-Meier curves and estimates survival analysis demonstrated both longer progression-free survival (p=0.008) and overall survival (p=0.003) in high PHA response group.
Higher pre-treatment PSIG response, assayed by IGRA testing, was associated with better disease control rate and survival among advanced NSCLC patients treated with chemotherapy.
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