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MA 03 - Chemotherapy (ID 651)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MA 03.05 - Bevacizumab Combined with Chemotherapy for Patients with Advanced NSCLC and Brain Metastasis. A French Cohort Study (ID 8188)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): C. Chouaid
Although brain metastases (BM) are a very common and clinically challenging for NSCLC progression, there are few prospective studies addressing the safety and efficacy of bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapy in patients with BM. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of patients receiving bevacizumab in combination with first-line metastatic chemotherapy for advanced NSCLC (aNSCLC), with BM or not, in routine clinical practice.
For this French non-interventional, prospective, and multicenter study, data were collected every 3 months over an 18-month period, from bevacizumab initiation. End points were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), treatment use, and safety.
Amongst the 407 aNSCLC patients analyzed, the 84 patients (21%) with BM at bevacizumab initiation had poorer general health than patients without BM (ECOG 2: 16% versus 11%). All except for 2 patients received bevacizumab (7.5 or 5 mg/kg/3 weeks in 99% of patients) in combination with doublet chemotherapy. After a median follow-up of 10.8 months (range: 0.2-34.1), median PFS and OS were not significantly different between patients with or without BM. BM was not found as PFS prognosis factor in multivariate analysis (HR=1.03; 95% CI=[0.79; 1.33], p=0.85). At least one serious adverse event (SAE) was reported in 30% of aNSCLC patients with BM (n=25) and in 32% of patients without BM (n=106); 13% (n=11) and 12% (n=40) of patients experienced at least one bevacizumab-related SAE, respectively. Three patients in each group died from bevacizumab-related events.
aNSCLC patients with brain metastasis - N=84 (months, [CI 95%]) aNSCLC patients without brain metastasis - N=423 (months, [CI 95%]) Logrank test p value Median PFS 6.5 [5.7; 8.1] 6.9 [5.9; 7.6] 0.57 Median OS 14.5 [10.0; -] 12.5 [10.1; 14.7] 0.33
In this study, no differences were observed between advanced NSCLC patients with and without brain metastasis in terms of clinical benefit (survival and safety) from first-line chemotherapy combined with bevacizumab. Nature, severity and outcome of AEs were consistent with the known safety profile of bevazicumab.
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