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J. Longmate



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    MA 02 - Emerging Targets (ID 656)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Clinical Design, Statistics and Clinical Trials
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA 02.11 - A Phase I Trial of Erlotinib and Onalespib in EGFR-mutant NSCLC: Focus on EGFR Exon 20 Insertions (ID 9046)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): J. Longmate

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Onalespib (AT13387) is a non-ansamycin small molecule that inhibits heat shock protein-90 (Hsp90). Hsp90 inhibitors (Hsp90i) preferentially degrade overexpressed and mutated oncoproteins including those that mediate resistance to EGFR-TKIs. Previous Hsp90i studies demonstrated activity in EGFR-mutant NSCLC including EGFR Exon 20 insertions (EGFRex20ins) - uncommon EGFR mutations typically refractory to 1[st] and 2[nd] generation EGFR-TKIs. A phase I study of onalespib plus erlotinib was conducted to determine the MTD, DLT, RP2D, pharmacokinetics (PK) and preliminary antitumor activity for a planned phase 2 trial in EGFR-mutant NSCLC including EGFRex20ins.

      Method:
      Using a 3 + 3, dose escalation design, onalespib was examined at 2 dose levels (DL) from 150 (DL0) to 120 (DL-1) mg/m[2] IV weekly (D1, D8, D15 on a q28 day cycle). Daily erlotinib was given at 150 mg at both DL. Key eligibility: NSCLC with EGFR activating mutation including EGFRex20ins, age ≥ 18, ECOG PS≤2, acceptable organ function, and ≥1 systemic therapy for advanced disease (platinum-based chemotherapy for EGFRex20ins and EGFR-TKI for other EGFR-mutations). Plasma for PK and ctDNA for next-generation sequencing of ~70 cancer related genes was collected at relevant timepoints.

      Result:
      9 pts have been treated on 2 DL (3 DL0, 6 DL-1). Pt characteristics: median age 65, M/F (2/7), ECOG PS 0-1 (4/5), EGFRex20ins (8), EGFR E19del (1). 7 pts completed ≥1 cycle. Two DLTs (grade (Gr) 3 maculopapular rash and Gr 3 hypophosphatemia) occurred in DL0. Common drug-related adverse events (AE) of any Gr were diarrhea (100%) and rash (44%), fatigue (55%), increased bilirubin (22%), nausea (44%) and vomiting (33%). Drug-related Gr 3 AEs were diarrhea (55%), maculopapular rash (11%) and hypophosphatemia (11%). At the planned 2-month evaluation, 5 pts had SD, 3 PD, and 1 had withdrawn for toxicity. Of the 5 pts continuing, 2 had SD and 1 PD at the 4-month evaluation. Kaplan-Meier estimate on therapy without progression at the second evaluation is 30% (95% CI: 10 to 87%).

      Conclusion:
      In patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC, onalespib plus erlotinib is feasible, tolerable and demonstrates disease control in EGFRex20ins, thereby addressing a key unmet need in NSCLC. The RP2D is erlotinib 150 mg PO daily and onalespib 120 mg/m[2] weekly (D1, D8, D15 q28days). Diarrhea was the most common AE, and generally manageable with supportive care and dose reduction to DL-1. Updated results including PK as well as ctDNA for EGFR-mutation and relevant bypass tracts mediating EGFR-TKI resistance will be presented.

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