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MA 02 - Emerging Targets (ID 656)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Clinical Design, Statistics and Clinical Trials
- Presentations: 1
MA 02.09 - A Ph I/II Study of BGB324, a Selective AXL Inhibitor as Monotherapy and in Combination with Erlotinib in Advanced NSCLC (ID 10388)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): D. Micklem
BGB324 is an orally available selective inhibitor of the receptor tyrosine kinase AXL (Biochemical IC50 0.4nM). In animal models of NSCLC exposure, BGB324 restricts cellular plasticity and prevents the development of resistance to Epithelial Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) inhibitors through mesenchymal transformation.
BGB324 was administered at an oral loading dose (600 mg) on days one and two followed by a daily maintenance dose (200 mg) to eight patients with previously treated NSCLC (EGFR mutant or wildtype). The tolerability of two different loading doses BGB324 (600 mg on days one and two or 400 mg on days one two and three) were then explored in combination with erlotinib at a dose of 150 mg daily in patients with EGFR mutated NSCLC.
Two of eight patients treated with BGB324 monotherapy achieved at least six months of stable disease. Both dose levels of BGB324 were tolerated in combination with erlotinib although most patients experienced a transient worsening in gastrointestinal toxicity during the loading dose prior to returning to baseline. A three day loading dose was preferred. Treatment with BGB324 was accompanied by increases in patient serum levels of soluble AXL receptorconsistent with receptor inhibition. One patient who previously experienced progression during treatment with another EGFR inhibitor remains on treatment with erlotinib plus BGB324 for more than eighteen months with a best response of stable disease. The most common treatment related adverse events were increased serum creatinine, diarrhea, nausea and dysguesia.
Conclusion BGB324 can be safely administered to patients with advanced NSCLC for prolonged periods at doses that abrogate AXL signalling either as monotherapy or in combination with erlotinib. A proportion of patients achieve durable disease stabilisation following treatment with BGB324 alone further exploration of the efficacy of the combination is ongoing.
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