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MA 02 - Emerging Targets (ID 656)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Clinical Design, Statistics and Clinical Trials
- Presentations: 1
MA 02.02 - Phase 2 Study of Pembrolizumab Plus CC-486 vs Pembrolizumab Plus Placebo in Previously Treated Patients with Advanced NSCLC (ID 8581)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): B.P. Levy
Studies have demonstrated that epigenetic modifiers, such as azacitidine, may sensitize tumor cells to treatment with checkpoint inhibitors, such as pembrolizumab (pembro). Efficacy and safety results from a phase 2, randomized, double-blind study of pembro in combination with CC-486, an oral formulation of azacitidine, vs pembro+placebo (PBO) for 2L treatment of advanced NSCLC are reported.
Patients aged ≥ 18 years with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC with only 1 prior platinum-based chemotherapy were randomized 1:1 (stratified by histology) to pembro 200 mg day 1 plus either CC-486 300 mg or placebo days 1-14 of a 21-day cycle. Primary endpoint was PFS. Key secondary endpoints included OS, ORR and safety.
51 and 49 patients were randomized to the pembro+CC-486 and pembro+PBO arms. Baseline characteristics were generally balanced between treatment groups. Efficacy results are shown in Table 1. Median duration of treatment for pembro+CC-486 vs pembro+PBO was 14 vs 24 weeks, and median number of cycles was 5 vs 7. The most common grade 3/4 TEAEs associated with pembro+CC-486 were nausea (14%), vomiting (12%), asthenia (10%), and diarrhea (8%), vs diarrhea (6%), asthenia (6%) and pneumonia (6%) with pembro+PBO. Patients treated with pembro+CC-486 vs pembro+PBO experienced a higher rate of pembro dose interruptions (29% vs 16%) and discontinuations (20% vs 10%), and a higher rate of CC-486 or PBO dose interruptions (61% vs 24%) and discontinuations (33% vs 12%). Gastrointestinal events, asthenia/fatigue, and elevated transaminase levels were the most common TEAEs leading to discontinuations.
The addition of CC-486 to pembro did not improve the primary endpoint of PFS compared with pembro+PBO. PD-L1 expression did not appear to be predictive of CC-486 treatment efficacy. The increase in TEAEs in the combination arm, particularly gastrointestinal (nausea and vomiting), which are known to be associated with CC-486, may have influenced treatment exposure.
Efficacy Endpoints Pembro + CC-486 n = 51 Pembro + PBO n = 49 Overall PFS, median, months 3.1 4.0 ORR, n (%) 10 (19.6) 7 (14.3) By PD-L1 Level at Baseline n = 45 n = 44 PFS, median, months ≥ 50% ≥ 1%-49% 0% 5.5 1.6 3.6 8.0 1.4 3.9 ORR, % ≥ 50% ≥ 1%-49% 0% 37.5 20.0 18.5 37.5 0.0 7.1
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