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E. Bria



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    MA 01 - SCLC: Research Perspectives (ID 650)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: SCLC/Neuroendocrine Tumors
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA 01.07 - Lanreotide Maintenance in SCLC Expressing Somatostatine Receptors: Efficacy Results of Multicenter Randomized G04.2011 Trial (ID 8480)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): E. Bria

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      SCLC is featured by both a rapid response and progression during/after standard upfront therapy. Thus, maintenance strategies emerged as potential treatment opportunities, although to date all drugs failed to significantly improve prognosis. SCLC cells harbor a neuroendocrine phenotype, frequently expressing somatostatine (SST) receptors. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of somatostatine (SST) analogue Lanreotide (LAN) as a maintenance strategy for SCLC patients (pts) after response to standard upfront treatment.

      Method:
      A multicentre, randomized, open-label, no-profit national trial was conducted, randomizing (1:1) SCLC (limited/extended disease, L/ED) pts expressing SST receptors (by SST receptor scintigraphy) with objective response (CR or PR) after upfront platinum-based chemotherapy plus/minus radiotherapy to receive maintenance LAN 120 mg subcutaneously every 28 days, up to progressive disease (PD) for 1 year (Arm A), versus observation (Arm B). Primary end-point was 1-year Progression-Free Survival (PFS). Primary intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis was planned (power: 80%; 2-tailed alpha-error: 5%) after 47 PFS events.

      Result:
      Seventy-one pts (median age 66 [37-82]; male/female 72/28%; L/ED 39/61%; ECOG-PS 0-1/2 97/3%; previous best response CR/PR 6/94%) were randomized in 9 Italian centers. Median time from diagnosis and end-of-1[st] line to inclusion was 5.7 months (3-160) and 30 days (0-119), respectively. Median number of LAN doses and treatment duration (Arm A) was 4 (1-12) and 83 days (1-392), respectively. With a median follow-up of 9.4 months and 62 events, median PFS was 3.6 (95% CI 3.2-3.9) versus 2.3 months (95% CI 1.7-2.9), for Arm A and B (log-rank p=0.11; HR 1.51, 95% CI 0.90-2.50), with a 1-year PFS of 10.3% versus 7.3%, respectively. At the cox-proportional multivariate modelling, stage (ED versus LD, HR 2.88 [95% CI 1.64-5.04, p<0.0001) and treatment arm (B versus A, HR 1.63 [95% CI 0.97-2.72], p=0.06) were independent predictors for PFS. Median PFS of arm A and B was 7.0 [95% CI <1-13.5] and 3.8 months [95% CI <1-8.6] in LD pts (p=0.21), and 3.0 (95% CI 2.2-3.8) and 2.2 (95% 1.7-2.7) in ED pts (p=0.19). Median OS was 9.5 (95% CI 4.8-14.3) and 4.7 months (95% CI 1.7-16.6), for Arm A and B (log-rank p=0.47), respectively. LAN was well-tolerated: serious treatment-related adverse events were grade 3 abdominal pain and electrolyte disorder in overall 2 pts.

      Conclusion:
      Although the primary end-point was not met, the overall efficacy of LAN as a maintenance strategy after response to standard upfront treatment for SCLC deserves future investigations, particularly in pts with LD.

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    MA 10 - Immunotherapy I (ID 664)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA 10.11 - Hyperprogressive Disease (HPD) Is Frequent in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients (Pts) Treated with Anti PD1/PD-L1 Agents (IO) (ID 10222)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): E. Bria

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Using Tumor Growth Rate (TGR), HPD was identified in 9% of 131 advanced cancer pts, treated with IO in a single institution (Champiat et al. 2017). In this study, we explored HPD in a large, multicenter cohort of advanced NSCLC pts treated with IO.

      Method:
      We performed a retrospective analysis of consecutive NSCLC pts treated with IO, in 8 institutions, between November 2012 and April 2017. Eligibility criteria required, for each patient: 2 CT scans performed before starting IO and one during IO, an interval between two CT scans ≥2 weeks or 3 months (m) and presence of target lesions. CT scans were centrally assessed according to RECIST 1.1 criteria. We calculated TGR before IO (TGR pre-IO) and during IO (TGR IO); patients were defined HPD if they had progression disease (PD) at first evaluation during IO and a ≥ 2-fold increase in the TGR IO compared to TGR pre-IO. Median overall survival (mOS) was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method for the total population and HPD pts.

      Result:
      Among 419 eligible pts, 86 were excluded for inadequate intervals between CT scans. Among 333 evaluable pts, 63% were male, 46% ≥65 years, 43% smokers; 12% had PS ≥ 2, 65% adenocarcinoma, 45% ≥3 metastatic sites, 22% KRAS mutation, 4% EGFR mutation, 1% ALK rearrangement; 21% had PD-L1 positive status, 10% negative, 69% unknown, >90% received single agent PD-1 inhibitor in ≥ 2 line. Response rate (RR) to IO was 18%, median follow up was 12 m [10-14]. 33% of pts had TGR IO ≥1 (not regressing tumors), 25% had TGR IO ≥ 2-fold TGR pre-IO and 54 pts (16%) had HPD. 15 pts (4%) had confirmed pseudoprogression, 3 were initially qualified as HPD. Compared to not-HPD, HPD pts had more frequently ≥ 3 metastatic sites at baseline (59% vs 43% p=0,02) and more new lung lesions during IO (34% vs 17% p=0,007). PD-L1 negative status was more common among HPD pts but the association was borderline significant (53% vs 28% p=0,05). Age, clinical, molecular characteristics, RR to treatment before IO, baseline tumor burden, liver or brain new lesions during IO were not different according to HPD status. mOS was 13 m [10-17] in the total population, 5 m [3-8] in HPD pts.

      Conclusion:
      HPD occurred in 16% of advanced NSCLC pts treated with IO and was associated with plurimetastatic disease and appearance of new lung lesions. Further work is needed to characterize HPD prognostic value.

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