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OA 16 - Treatment Strategies and Follow Up (ID 686)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Oral
- Track: Early Stage NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
OA 16.06 - Mediastinal Staging by Videomediastinoscopy in Clinical N1 Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Prospective Multicentre Study (ID 8454)
14:30 - 16:15 | Author(s): J. Moons
A fourth of patients with cN1-NSCLC based on PET-CT imaging are at risk for occult mediastinal nodal involvement. In a previous prospective study, endosonography alone had an unsatisfactory sensitivity (38%) to detect mediastinal nodal disease. This prospective multicenter trial investigated the sensitivity of preoperative mediastinal staging by video-assisted mediastinoscopy (VAM) in patients with cN1 (suspected) NSCLC.
Consecutive patients with operable and resectable cN1 (suspected) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) underwent a VAM or VAM-lymphadenectomy (VAMLA). All patients underwent FDG–PET and CT-scan. The primary study outcome was sensitivity to detect N2-disease. Secondary endpoints were the prevalence of N2-disease, negative predictive value (NPV) and accuracy of VAM(LA).
Figure 1 Out of 105 patients with cN1 on imaging, 26% eventually had N2-disease. Invasive mediastinal staging with VAM(LA) reached sensitivity of 73% to detect N2-disease. The median number of assessed lymph node stations during VAM(LA) was 4. In 96% ≥3 stations were assessed. VAMLA was performed in 31%, 69% underwent VAM.
N Prevalence of mediastinal disease Sensitivity OR(95%CI) Negative Predictive Value OR(95%CI) Negative Posttest probability OR(95%CI) Dooms et al. Chest. 2014; 147(1): 209–15. Endosonography alone 100 24% 0.38 (0.18-0.57) 0.81 (0.71-0.91) 0.19 (0.13-0.27) Endosonograpy, if negative followed by mediastionoscopy 0.73 (0.55-0.91) 0.91 (0.83-0.98) 0.09 (0.04-0.17) Current Study Mediastinoscopy 105 26% 0.73 (0.54-0.86) 0.92 (0.83-0.97) 0.08 (0.03-0.17)
VAM(LA) has a satisfactory sensitivity of 73% to detect mediastinal nodal disease in cN1-NSCLC and could be the technique of choice for pre-resection mediastinal lymph node assessment in this patient group with 26% chance of occult positive mediastinal nodes after negative PET-CT. (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02222194)
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P1.13 - Radiology/Staging/Screening (ID 699)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
- Track: Radiology/Staging/Screening
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/16/2017, 09:30 - 16:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B + C)
P1.13-007 - Is Central Lung Tumor Location Really Predictive for Occult Mediastinal Nodal Disease in (Suspected) NSCLC Staged cN0 on PET-CT? (ID 8779)
09:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): J. Moons
Based on a 20-30% prevalence of occult mediastinal disease, current guidelines recommend preoperative invasive mediastinal staging in patients with central tumour location and negative mediastinum on PET-CT. A uniform definition of central tumour location is lacking. Our objective was to determine the best definition in predicting occult mediastinal disease.
A single institution prospective database was queried for patients with (suspected) NSCLC staged cN0 after PET-CT and referred to invasive staging and/or primary surgery. We evaluated 5 definitions of central tumour location (table 1).
Between 2005 and 2015, 822 patients were eligible. Radio-occult lesions were excluded from analysis (n=9). Preoperative histology was NSCLC in 49% and unknown in 51%. The lesion was subsolid in 7%. Tumour stage was cT1, cT2, cT3 and cT4 in 43%, 28% 17% and 11%, respectively. Invasive mediastinal staging (EBUS and/or mediastinoscopy) was performed in 31%. Surgical resection was performed in 97%, a median of 5 (IQR 3-6) nodal stations were examined. The final pathology was squamous NSCLC, non-squamous NSCLC, or other in 38%, 54% and 7%, respectively. Any nodal upstaging was found in 21% (13% pN1 and 8% pN2-3). Central tumour location demonstrated, compared to peripheral location, a 4 times higher risk for any nodal upstaging but not for N2-3 upstaging (table 1).
When modern PET-CT fusion imaging points at clinical N0 NSCLC, the prevalence of occult mediastinal nodal disease was only 8% in our patient cohort. None of the five definitions of centrality we studied was predictive for occult pN2-N3. Overall nodal upstaging was 21%, however, and all definitions of centrality then had discriminatory value. These data question whether the indication of preoperative invasive mediastinal staging should be based on centrality alone. Table 1 Figure 1