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M. Shimokawa



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    OA 13 - Immuno-Biology (ID 677)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Oral
    • Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      OA 13.06 - Co-Expression of IDO1 and PD-L1 Indicates More Aggressive Features of Lung Adenocarcinoma (ID 9672)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): M. Shimokawa

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) serves as an immunosuppressive effector and it is closely related to the prognosis in several types of cancer. We herein aim to elucidate the clinicopathological features and prognoses in patients with IDO1-expressing lung adenocarcinoma, and especially, show its correlation with the expression of programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1).

      Method:
      The expressions of IDO1 and PD-L1 proteins in 427 patients with surgically resected primary lung adenocarcinoma were evaluated by immunohistochemical analyses and any associations identified between IDO1 and the clinicopathological features, the prognosis and co-expression of IDO1 with PD-L1 were investigated. The expressions of IDO1 and PD-L1 at the protein and mRNA levels in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines were examined by an Enzyme-Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay, flow cytometry, and reverse transcription and real-time PCR analysis, respectively.

      Result:
      IDO1 was expressed in 260 patients (60.9%) at a 1% cut-off and in 63 patients (14.8%) at a 50% cut-off, respectively. PD-L1 was positive for 145 patients (34.0%). A ultivariate analysis showed IDO1 positivity (1% cut-off) to be significantly associated with a higher tumor grade, the presence of vascular invasion, and the expression of PD-L1. IDO1 and PD-L1 proteins were co-expressed in 123 patients (28.8%), and the patients whose tumor expressed both proteins exhibited significantly higher malignant traits than those whose tumor expressed only one protein or none. According to a multivariate analysis, the co-expression of both proteins was significantly associated with a shorter disease-free survival and overall survival. The expressions of IDO1 and PD-L1 in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines were elevated by treating them with interferon-γ and transforming growth factor-β.Figure 1



      Conclusion:
      The findings of this study suggest that the co-expression of IDO1 and PD-L1 may indicate more aggressive features of lung adenocarcinoma. Combination therapy targeting both of these proteins may therefore improve the clinical outcomes in patients with lung adenocarcinoma.

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    P1.07 - Immunology and Immunotherapy (ID 693)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
    • Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      P1.07-014 - Association of Preoperative Serum CRP with PD-L1 Expression in NSCLC: A Comprehensive Analysis of Systemic Inflammatory Markers (ID 8909)

      09:30 - 16:00  |  Author(s): M. Shimokawa

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      Programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors have been approved as a standard therapy for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although PD-L1 expression serves as a predictive biomarker for the efficacy of immunotherapy, there are no established biomarkers to predict the expression of PD-L1. The inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were recently shown to predict the efficacy of nivolumab for NSCLC patients. Therefore, here we investigated the potential association of PD-L1 expression with systemic inflammatory markers, including CRP, NLR, lymphocyte-monocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio.

      Method:
      We retrospectively examined tumor PD-L1 expression in 508 surgically resected primary NSCLC cases by immunohistochemical analysis (cut-off value: 1%). The association of PD-L1 expression with preoperative systemic inflammatory markers was assessed by univariate and multivariate analyses. We generated a PD-L1 association score (A-score) from serum CRP level (cut-off value: 0.3 mg/dl) and smoking status to predict PD-L1 expression.

      Result:
      Among the total 508 patients, 188 (37.0%) patients were positive for PD-L1 expression at the 1% cut-off value and 90 (17.5%) had elevated serum CRP level. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that that PD-L1 positivity was significantly associated with advanced stage, the presence of vascular invasion and high serum CRP level (P=0.0336, 0.0106 and 0.0018, respectively). Though not significant, smoking history tended to be associated with PD-L1 protein expression (P=0.0717). There was no correlation with other inflammatory markers. Smoking history with elevated CRP level (A-score: 2) was strongly associated with PD-L1 protein expression (odds ratio: 5.18, P<0.0001), while it was inversely associated with EGFR mutation (odds ratio: 0.11, P<0.0001).

      Conclusion:
      Our results indicate that among all systemic inflammatory markers examined, serum CRP level could be a helpful biomarker for PD-L1 expression that is easily determined and available worldwide.

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