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A. Hamada

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    P1.03 - Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy (ID 689)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
    • Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      P1.03-004 - Alectinib for Patients with ALK Rearrangement–Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer and a Poor Performance Status (ID 8115)

      09:30 - 16:00  |  Author(s): A. Hamada

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Alectinib is a potent and highly selective inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase ALK and has shown marked efficacy and safety in patients with ALK rearrangement–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and a good performance status (PS). It has remained unclear whether alectinib might also be beneficial for such patients with a poor PS.

      Eligible patients with advanced ALK rearrangement–positive NSCLC and a PS of 2 to 4 received alectinib orally at 300 mg twice daily. The primary end point of the study was objective response rate (ORR), and the most informative secondary end point was rate of PS improvement. Plasma concentrations of alectinib were measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).

      Between September 2014 and December 2015, 18 patients were enrolled in this phase II study (Lung Oncology Group in Kyushu 1401). Twelve, five, and one patients had a PS of 2, 3, or 4, respectively, whereas four patients had received prior crizotinib treatment. The median follow-up time for all patients was 9.8 months (range, 5.6 to 18.0 months) at the time of the primary analysis. The ORR was 72.2% (90% confidence interval [CI], 52.9–85.8%), and the disease control rate was 77.8% (90% CI, 58.7–89.6%). The ORR did not differ significantly between patients with a PS of 2 and those with a PS of ≥3 (58.8% and 100%, respectively, P = 0.114). The PS improvement rate was 83.3% (90% CI, 64.8–93.1%, P < 0.0001), with the frequency of improvement to a PS of 0 or 1 being 72.2%. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 10.1 months (95% CI, 7.1 to17.8 months), with no difference between the patients with a PS of 2 and those with a PS of ≥3 (median PFS, 10.1 and 17.8 months, respectively, P = 0.24). Toxicity was mild, with the frequency of adverse events of grade ≥3 being low. Neither dose reduction nor withdrawal of alectinib because of toxicity was necessary. The trough concentration of alectinib in plasma was 235 ± 65 ng/mL (mean ± SD), which is slightly lower than that previously reported in patients with a good PS, supporting the tolerability of alectinib administration in those with a poor PS.

      Alectinib is a treatment option for patients with ALK rearrangement–positive NSCLC and a poor PS. Updated data and that for overall survival will be available at presentation.

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