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MA 01 - SCLC: Research Perspectives (ID 650)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: SCLC/Neuroendocrine Tumors
- Presentations: 1
MA 01.07 - Lanreotide Maintenance in SCLC Expressing Somatostatine Receptors: Efficacy Results of Multicenter Randomized G04.2011 Trial (ID 8480)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): G. Fasola
SCLC is featured by both a rapid response and progression during/after standard upfront therapy. Thus, maintenance strategies emerged as potential treatment opportunities, although to date all drugs failed to significantly improve prognosis. SCLC cells harbor a neuroendocrine phenotype, frequently expressing somatostatine (SST) receptors. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of somatostatine (SST) analogue Lanreotide (LAN) as a maintenance strategy for SCLC patients (pts) after response to standard upfront treatment.
A multicentre, randomized, open-label, no-profit national trial was conducted, randomizing (1:1) SCLC (limited/extended disease, L/ED) pts expressing SST receptors (by SST receptor scintigraphy) with objective response (CR or PR) after upfront platinum-based chemotherapy plus/minus radiotherapy to receive maintenance LAN 120 mg subcutaneously every 28 days, up to progressive disease (PD) for 1 year (Arm A), versus observation (Arm B). Primary end-point was 1-year Progression-Free Survival (PFS). Primary intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis was planned (power: 80%; 2-tailed alpha-error: 5%) after 47 PFS events.
Seventy-one pts (median age 66 [37-82]; male/female 72/28%; L/ED 39/61%; ECOG-PS 0-1/2 97/3%; previous best response CR/PR 6/94%) were randomized in 9 Italian centers. Median time from diagnosis and end-of-1[st] line to inclusion was 5.7 months (3-160) and 30 days (0-119), respectively. Median number of LAN doses and treatment duration (Arm A) was 4 (1-12) and 83 days (1-392), respectively. With a median follow-up of 9.4 months and 62 events, median PFS was 3.6 (95% CI 3.2-3.9) versus 2.3 months (95% CI 1.7-2.9), for Arm A and B (log-rank p=0.11; HR 1.51, 95% CI 0.90-2.50), with a 1-year PFS of 10.3% versus 7.3%, respectively. At the cox-proportional multivariate modelling, stage (ED versus LD, HR 2.88 [95% CI 1.64-5.04, p<0.0001) and treatment arm (B versus A, HR 1.63 [95% CI 0.97-2.72], p=0.06) were independent predictors for PFS. Median PFS of arm A and B was 7.0 [95% CI <1-13.5] and 3.8 months [95% CI <1-8.6] in LD pts (p=0.21), and 3.0 (95% CI 2.2-3.8) and 2.2 (95% 1.7-2.7) in ED pts (p=0.19). Median OS was 9.5 (95% CI 4.8-14.3) and 4.7 months (95% CI 1.7-16.6), for Arm A and B (log-rank p=0.47), respectively. LAN was well-tolerated: serious treatment-related adverse events were grade 3 abdominal pain and electrolyte disorder in overall 2 pts.
Although the primary end-point was not met, the overall efficacy of LAN as a maintenance strategy after response to standard upfront treatment for SCLC deserves future investigations, particularly in pts with LD.
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P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (ID 757)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/16/2017, 09:30 - 16:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B + C)
P1.01-065 - Treatment Beyond Progression with Nivolumab in Patients with Advanced Non-Squamous NSCLC: Results from the Italian Expanded Access Program (ID 9333)
09:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): G. Fasola
Because of the novel mechanism of action of immunotherapies like nivolumab, response patterns may differ from other therapies and may provide a rationale for considering treatment beyond progression. Immunotherapy protocols generally allow patients (pts) to continue treatment beyond investigator-assessed progressive disease (PD) as long as there is ongoing clinical benefit. Here we report the analysis of pts treated beyond PD in the Italian nivolumab EAP for pts with non-squamous non small cell lung cancer (Non-Sq-NSCLC).
Nivolumab was provided upon physicians’ request for pts aged ≥18 years who had relapsed after a minimum of one prior systemic treatment for stage IIIB/stage IV non-Sq-NSCLC. Nivolumab 3 mg/kg was administered intravenously every 2 weeks for <24 months. Pts included in the analysis received ≥1 dose of nivolumab and were monitored for adverse events (AEs) using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events. Patients were allowed to continue treatment beyond initial PD as long as they met the following criteria: investigator-assessed clinical benefit, absence of rapid PD, tolerance of program drug, stable performance status and no delay of an imminent intervention to prevent serious complications of PD.
In total, 1588 Italian pts with advanced Non-Sq-NSCLC received at least one dose of nivolumab in the EAP across 168 sites and 1056 (66%) had PD. Of those, 274 pts (26%) were treated beyond progression. Before being treated beyond PD, the disease control rates (DCR) was 28%, with 1 complete response (CR), 27 partial responses (PR) and 49 stable diseases (SD). Post PD, 58 of all pts treated beyond PD achieved a non-conventional benefit, meaning a subsequent tumor reduction or stabilization in tumor lesions. With a median follow-up of 10.3 months (0.1-21.9) and a median of 11 (4-44) doses, median overall survival for pts treated beyond PD was 15.5 months (range: 13.1-17.9). Overall, among pts treated beyond PD, 200 discontinued treatment for any reason, with only 11 (5.5%) pts who discontinued treatment due to adverse events, suggesting no increased safety signals.
As already observed in clinical trials, these preliminary EAP data seem to confirm that a proportion of pts who continued treatment beyond PD demonstrated sustained reductions or stabilization of tumor burden, with an acceptable safety profile. Further investigations are warranted in order to better define and identify pts who can benefit from this treatment strategy.