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B. Xia



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    MA 01 - SCLC: Research Perspectives (ID 650)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: SCLC/Neuroendocrine Tumors
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA 01.11 - Timing of Thoracic Radiotherapy Is More Important Than Dose Escalation in Patients with Limited-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 7354)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): B. Xia

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      The optimal thoracic radiation dose/fraction for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is still in debate. This study mainly aims to retrospectively compare the impact on local/regional progression-free survival (LRPFS) of different thoracic radiation dose/fraction schedules from two prospective trials.

      Method:
      Patients in the hyperfractionated arm received thoracic radiotherapy consisted of 1.5 Gy twice a day in 30 fractions to 45 Gy. Patients in the hypofractionated arm received 2.5 Gy daily in 22 fractions to 55 Gy. Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival data. Multivariate prognosis analysis was made by Cox proportional hazard regression analysis.

      Result:
      Nighty-two and 96 patients were accrued into to the hyperfractionated and hypofractionated arm respectively. The 1-year, 2-year LRPFS rates of the two arms were 82.1%, 60.7% and 84.9%, 68.8% respectively (P=0.27). The median OS time (months) of the two arms were 28.3 and 22.0 respectively, while 1-year, 3-year, 5-year OS rates were 85.2%, 40.8%, 27.1% and 76.9%, 34.3%, 26.8% respectively (P=0.37). On multivariate Cox regression study, the time (days) from the initiation of chemotherapy to thoracic radiotherapy (TCT) ≤ 43 (HR: 0.397, 95%CI: 0.207-0.762, P=0.005) was independently associate with improved LRPFS. The time (days) from the start of chemotherapy to end of thoracic radiotherapy (SER) ≤ 63 (HR: 0.508, 95%CI: 0.322-0.762, P=0.044) and PCI (HR: 0.433, 95%CI: 0.298-0.630, P=0.000) were favorably related to OS. Grade 2 and 3 acute radiation esophagitis were observed in 28.3%, 8.7% and 15.5%, 2.1% of patients in hyper- and hypofractionated arm respectively (P=0.009). Figure 1



      Conclusion:
      Both hyperfractionated and hypofractionated radiotherapy had achieved good LRPFS and OS in this study, although there was no statistical significance between the two arms. Keep TCT ≤ 43, SER ≤ 63 resulted in better LRPFS and OS. However, the incidence of acute radiation induced esophagitis was significantly more common in the hyperfractionated arm than in hypofractionated arm.

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    P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (ID 757)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      P1.01-046 - The Feasibility of Osimertinib Treatment on Brain Metastases in NSCLC Patients After 1<sup>st</sup> Generation EGFR-TKI Resistance: A Preliminary Study (ID 8588)

      09:30 - 16:00  |  Author(s): B. Xia

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      NSCLC patients with activating EGFR mutations benefit from 1[st] generation EGFR-TKIs. It eventually develops acquire resistance after 10-12 months during of response. Of note, approximately one-third of those patients develop brain metastases, which deteriorate their quality of life and survival. Few effective therapeutic options are currently available for BM patients. Several case studies have showed the well response with osimertinib in BM patients. BM model also found the high penetration rate of Osimertinib into blood-brain barrier. This study evaluated the feasibility of osimertinib treatment on BM patients after 1st generation EGFR-TKI resistance.

      Method:
      Patients with advanced or recurrent NSCLC who had progressed during EGFR-TKIs treatment were collected from our previous clinical trial (NCT02418234) from March 2015 to March 2016. Blood samples were drawn within two weeks from PD occurred. T790M mutations were evaluated by droplet digital PCR. We undertook follow-up every 3 months by phone until April 2017. The median follow-up time was 11 months (range, 2 to 22 months).

      Result:
      Fifty NSCLC patients with BM after EGFR-TKI resistance were collected from our previous trials. After TKI resistance, ten patients received subsequent osimertinib treatment. Finally, ten patients included three males and seven females were included in the study. The median age was 66.5 (56 to 73). Seven were detected acquired T790M mutation. The median survival was 15.3 months (95% CI, 10.1 to 20.6 mo), 15.3 mo for T790M negative and 12.9 mo for T790M positive patients.

      Conclusion:
      Our preliminary study showed the well efficacy of osimertinib on NSCLC patients with BM. It provides well survival benefit. Randomized control trials should be required before it is widely used.

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