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P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (ID 757)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/16/2017, 09:30 - 16:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B + C)
P1.01-019 - ALK+ Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with First Line Crizotinib: Patient Characteristics, Treatment Patterns, and Survival (ID 10137)
09:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): C. Ortíz
This study describes the characteristics, treatment sequencing, and outcomes among locally advanced/metastatic crizotinib-treated ALK+ Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) Hispanic patients.
From June 2014 to June 2017, a retrospective patient review was conducted among several centers from México (n=10), Costa Rica (n=4), Panamá (n=13), Colombia (n=16), Venezuela (n=10), and Argentina (n=20). Participating clinicians identified their ALK+ NSCLC patients who received crizotinib and reported their clinical characteristics, treatments, and survival using a pre-defined case report form. Kaplan-Meier analyses were used to describe overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).
73 ALK+ NSCLC patients treated with crizotinib as a first line were included. Median age at diagnosis was 62 years (range, 34-77), 60.3% were female and histological distribution was adenocarcinoma in 93.2%, squamous cell carcinomas in 2.7%, NOS in 2.7% and adenosquamous in 1.4%. Sixty-five patients (89%) were never or former smokers, 52 (71.1%) had ≥2 sites of metastasis and 15 (20.5%) had brain metastasis at diagnosis. Median PFS to treatment with first line crizotinib was 12.3 months (95%CI 9.4-15.3) and overall response rate (ORR) was 52% (CR 6.8% and PR 45.2%). Of those who discontinued crizotinib, 26.1% had brain progression, 35.6% switched to chemotherapy, 14% switched to a different ALK inhibitor and 59% received no further therapy. After starting crizotinib, median OS was 32.5 months (95%CI 25.6-39.4), 42.6 months (95%CI 31.8-53.5) for those who received ceritinib or/and alectinib, and 23.8 months (95%CI 19.0-28.6) among those treated with second line platinum based chemotherapy (p=0.003).
The ORR and PFS observed in Hispanic patients with ALK+ NSCLC treated with first-line crizotinib was similar to that previously described. Limited access to new-generation ALK inhibitors affects OS. Those patients exposed to ceritinib or alectinib demonstrated a significant improvement in OS versus those treated with second-line platinum-based chemotherapy.
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