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OA 05 - Next Generation TKI (ID 657)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Oral
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:James Chih-Hsin Yang, Fiona Blackhall
- Coordinates: 10/16/2017, 15:45 - 17:30, Room 301 + 302
OA 05.05 - Brigatinib in Crizotinib-Refractory ALK+ NSCLC: Updated Efficacy and Safety Results From ALTA, a Randomized Phase 2 Trial (ID 8027)
15:45 - 17:30 | Author(s): K.H. Hansen
Brigatinib, a next-generation ALK inhibitor, recently received accelerated approval in the United States for the treatment of patients with metastatic ALK+ NSCLC who have progressed on or are intolerant to crizotinib. We report updated data from the randomized phase 2 trial (ALTA; NCT02094573), which was designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of 2 brigatinib regimens in patients with crizotinib-refractory, advanced ALK+ NSCLC.
Patients were stratified by presence of brain metastases at baseline and best response to prior crizotinib and randomized 1:1 to receive brigatinib at 90 mg qd (arm A) or 180 mg qd with a 7-day lead-in at 90 mg (arm B). Investigator-assessed confirmed objective response rate (ORR) per RECIST v1.1 was the primary endpoint.
Among 222 patients (n=112/n=110, arm A/B), median age was 51/57 years; 71%/67% had brain metastases. As of February 21, 2017, 17 full months since the last patient enrolled, median follow-up was 16.8/18.6 months and 32%/41% of patients continued to receive brigatinib in A/B. The table shows brigatinib efficacy. Per independent review committee, confirmed ORR was 51%/55% and median PFS was 9.2/16.7 months in A/B. Among patients with measurable baseline brain metastases (n=26/n=18, A/B), confirmed intracranial ORR was 50%/67% as of January 24, 2017; median intracranial DoR was not reached/16.6 months. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were: nausea (38%/47%, A/B), diarrhea (28%/44%), cough (28%/40%), headache (30%/35%), and vomiting (36%/30%); the most common grade ≥3 TEAEs were: increased creatine phosphokinase (5%/13%), hypertension (6%/8%), pneumonia (4%/5%), and increased lipase (5%/4%). Dose reduction (9%/30%, A/B) or discontinuation (4%/11%) due to TEAEs was reported.
In ALTA, brigatinib continues to show substantial efficacy and acceptable safety at both dose levels, with numerically longer PFS and higher intracranial ORR at the recommended dosing regimen of 180 mg qd (with lead-in) vs 90 mg qd.
Investigator Assessment Independent Review[a] Arm A (n=112) Arm B (n=110) Arm A (n=112) Arm B (n=110) Confirmed ORR, % 46 (35–57[b]) 55 (44–66[b]) 51 (41–61[c]) 55 (45–64[c]) Median DoR in responders,[d] months 12.0 (9.2–17.7[c]) 13.8 (10.2–17.5[c]) 13.8 (7.4–NR[c]) 14.8 (12.6–NR[c]) Median PFS,[d] months [% of events] 9.2 (7.4–11.1[c])  15.6 (11.1–19.4[c])  9.2 (7.4–12.8[c])  16.7 (11.6–NR[c])  Median OS,[d] months [% of events] NR (20.2–NR[c])  27.6 (27.6–NR[c])  — — 1-year OS probability,[d ]% 70 (61–78[c]) 80 (71–87[c]) — — DoR, duration of response NR, not reached OS, overall survival PFS, progression-free survival [a]Last scan date: February 28, 2017 [b]97.5% CI for primary endpoint [c]95% CI [d]Kaplan-Meier estimate
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P1.01 - Advanced NSCLC (ID 757)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/16/2017, 09:30 - 16:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B + C)
P1.01-001 - Depth of Target Lesion Response to Brigatinib and Its Association With Outcomes in Patients With ALK+ NSCLC in the ALTA Trial (ID 8035)
09:30 - 16:00 | Author(s): K.H. Hansen
Depth of target lesion response to crizotinib has been associated with overall survival (OS) (J Clin Oncol 2016;34:abstract 2590). ALTA (NCT02094573) is an ongoing randomized phase 2 trial of brigatinib, an ALK inhibitor, in crizotinib-refractory advanced ALK+ NSCLC patients. As the ALTA primary endpoint of confirmed objective response rate (cORR), a binary outcome, might not fully capture clinical benefit, we examined the association of maximum decrease in target lesions with progression-free survival (PFS) and OS.
Patients were randomized to receive brigatinib at 90 mg qd (arm A; n=112) or 180 mg qd with a 7-day lead-in at 90 mg (arm B; n=110). Arms were pooled in this analysis. Patients with any target lesion shrinkage were sorted into 4 groups based on greatest decrease from baseline per RECIST v1.1; outcomes in these groups were compared with outcomes in patients with no shrinkage.
As of February 21, 2017, cORR in arm A/B (ITT population) was 46%/55% per investigators. 201/222 patients had ≥1 evaluable response assessment with 18.4-month median follow-up. Median age of these patients was 53 years; 57% were female. Patients with target lesion shrinkage (vs none) had numerically longer PFS (hazard ratios [95% CIs]: 0.61 [0.30–1.22], 1%–25% shrinkage; 0.47 [0.24–0.91], 26%–50%; 0.54 [0.28–1.05], 51%–75%; 0.30 [0.15–0.63], 76%–100%) and numerically higher estimated 1-year OS (Table). In a multivariable analysis, 76%–100% shrinkage (vs none) was independently associated with longer PFS/OS (hazard ratios [95% CIs]: 0.37 [0.18–0.76]/0.35 [0.14–0.89]); arm B (vs A) was independently associated with longer PFS.
In this exploratory post hoc analysis, brigatinib-treated patients with target lesion shrinkage, including those without confirmed partial response, had improved PFS/OS vs patients without shrinkage. Patients with the deepest response (76%–100% shrinkage) appeared to have the longest PFS and higher estimated 1-year OS.
Best Target Lesion Shrinkage n (%)[a] Median PFS,[b,c] Months (95% CI) Median OS,[b ]Months (95% CI) 1-year OS,[b ]% (95% CI) None 18 (9) 3.7 (1.9–11.0) 8.3 (4.7–NR) 48 (22–99) 1%–25% 40 (20) 9.3 (4.0–21.2) NR (14.5–NR) 75 (58–99) 26%–50% 60 (30) 12.8 (9.2–15.7) NR (NR–NR) 82 (70–99) 51%–75% 44 (22) 11.1 (7.4–18.2) 27.6 (20.2–NR) 77 (62–99) 76%–100% 39 (19) 19.5 (12.6–NR) NR (22.3–NR) 92 (78–99) NR, not reached [a]Evaluable patients [b]Kaplan-Meier estimate [c]Per investigator