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K. Chen

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    JCSE 01 - Joint IASLC/CSCO/CAALC Session: Immunotherapy for Management of Lung Cancer: Ongoing Research from East and West (ID 630)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Joint Session IASLC/CSCO/CAALC
    • Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      JCSE 01.18 - Uncommon Mutation Types of EGFR and Response to EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Chinese Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients (ID 10914)

      07:30 - 11:30  |  Author(s): K. Chen

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) is the standard therapy for advanced lung adenocarcinomas with common EGFR mutations. However, the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs in patients with these uncommon EGFR mutations (other than exon 19 deletions or exon 21 L858R mutation) remains undetermined.

      Seven hundred and fifty-five non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR mutation analyses for TKI therapy were identified between October 2010 and December 2015 in East of China. And 66 patients bearing uncommon EGFR mutations were included to collect data from TKI response and prognosis.

      Rare sensitive mutations (G719X, L861Q, S768I), primary resistant mutation (Ex20 ins), and complex mutations (G719X + L861Q, G719X+S768I, 19 del+T790M, 19 del+L858R, L858R+S768I, and L858R+T790M) of EGFR were identified in 37 (56.1%), 9 (13.6%), and 20 (33.3%) patients, respectively. TKI treatment in patients harboring uncommon EGFR mutations exhibited a tumor response rate of 28.8% and a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 4.8 months. Importantly, patients with complex EGFR mutations had significantly longer PFS when compared with the remaining sensitizing rare mutations or Ex20 ins (8.6 versus 4.1 versus 3.1 months; p=0.041). Furthermore, complex EGFR mutations were independent predictors of increased overall survival in NSCLC patients (Hazard Ratios=0.31; 95% confidence intervals: 0.11-0.90; p=0.031). Among them, patients harboring Del-19 compound L858R mutations showed a tendency to have higher response rate and improved median PFS than those regarding patients with other complex mutations patterns (66.7% verse14.3%, p=0.021; 10.1 verse 8.6 months, p=0.232).

      Personalized treatment should be evolving in different types of uncommon EGFR mutations. And complex mutations of EGFR may benefit more from EGFR-TKIs than other uncommon mutations in Chinese NSCLC patients.

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