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JCSE 01 - Joint IASLC/CSCO/CAALC Session: Immunotherapy for Management of Lung Cancer: Ongoing Research from East and West (ID 630)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Joint Session IASLC/CSCO/CAALC
- Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:C. Bai, Fred R. Hirsch, Tony SK Mok, Yi-Long Wu
- Coordinates: 10/15/2017, 07:30 - 11:30, F203 (Annex Hall)
JCSE 01.11 - A Multicenter, Non-Interventional Study on Real World EGFR Testing and in Patients with IIIB/IV NSCLC in Northern China (ID 10905)
07:30 - 11:30 | Author(s): Y. Zhuang
EGFR mutation plays a dominant role in the precise treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and EGFR-TKIs has been recommended for patients with positive EGFR-sensitive mutation as a standard regimen in clinical practice. In China, application of EGFR-TKIs without knowing EGFR mutation status has been a common phenomenon due to various reasons including the vast territory, uneven distribution of medical resources, differences level of testing technology and others. Therefore, we prospectively conducted a real-world investigation to understand the actual situation of EGFR testing in Northern China, and identify the underlying causes affecting EGFR detection, in order to provide references to improve the standardized treatment (NCT02620657).
The patients with IIIB/IV NSCLC who were firstly diagnosed or postoperative recurrence between 2014-1-1 and 2014-12-31 in 28 research centers of Northern China were analyzed. The primary endpoint was testing rate，the secondary endpoints were factors affecting EGFR testing, EGFR mutation status, detection methods and the survival outcomes of patients.
Among 2809 patients, 2250 (90.78%) were adenocarcinoma, 208 (7.40%) were squamous carcinoma, 51 (1.82%) were other pathologic types. Testing rate was 42.54% (1195/2809) and was significantly related to city level (first-tier cities vs. new first-tier cities vs. second-tier cities vs. third-tier and above cities : 69.04% vs. 38.08% vs. 34.05% vs. 14.11%, P < 0.001, smoking status (never smoking vs. ever smoking vs. smoking: 45.42% vs. 51.10% vs. 33.37%, P<0.001, ECOG PS (0 vs.1vs.2vs.≥3:47.93%vs. 44.48vs.34.89%vs.20.37%, P=0.011), pathological type (adenocarcinoma vs. squamous carcinoma: 44.94% vs.19.23%, P=0.003 and medical insurance situation (social basic medical insurance vs. new rural cooperative medical insurance vs. own expense: 44.98% vs. 36.49% vs. 29.55%, P=0.001. EGFR sensitive mutation rate was 46.44%, the most common subtype was 19Del (42.16%), followed by L858R(40.00%), Exon 20 insertions (1.62%) and other subtypes (16.20%). The most common methodology is ARMS (63.77%), the second common one is DNA sequencing (5.36%). The 1-year and 2-year survival rate in patients receiving EGFR testing was 73.6% and 51.9%, compared with 64.3% and 43.7% respectively in patients without EGFR testing.
There were regional differences in EGFR testing rates among IIIB/IV NSCLC patients in Northern China. The intention of doctors and patients, medical insurance coverage and differences technical level are major factors affecting the testing rate of EGFR. Approaches should be taken to improve the situation, such as strengthening the training, expanding the coverage of medical insurance, and relying on commercial gene detection companies, and further standardize the molecularly pathological diagnosis and treatment of NSCLC.
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