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JCSE 01 - Joint IASLC/CSCO/CAALC Session: Immunotherapy for Management of Lung Cancer: Ongoing Research from East and West (ID 630)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Joint Session IASLC/CSCO/CAALC
- Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:C. Bai, Fred R. Hirsch, Tony SK Mok, Yi-Long Wu
- Coordinates: 10/15/2017, 07:30 - 11:30, F203 (Annex Hall)
JCSE 01.10 - The Main Treatment Failure Pattern for Completely Resected Stage II–IIIA (N1–N2) EGFR-Mutation Positive Lung Cancer (ID 10904)
07:30 - 11:30 | Author(s): L. Wu
ADJUVANT (CTONG 1104) is the first randomized trial shows significantly prolonged disease-free survival (DFS) in completely resected stage II-IIIA (N1-N2) epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutation positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) through adjuvant gefitinib compare with vinorelbine plus cisplatin (VP). Further we aim to analyze the treatment failure pattern in ADJUVANT study.
In the ADJUVANT trial, a total of 222 patients with completely resected stage N1–N2 EGFR-mutation positive NSCLC were randomized 1:1 into gefitinib group (250mg, QD, 24 months ) or vinorelbine (25mg/m Day 1/Day 8) plus cisplatin (75mg/m Day 1) group (every 3 weeks for 4 cycles) respectively. Any recurrence or metastases occurred during the follow-up period was defined as treatment failure. Recurrent pattern in both group were analyzed with follow-up data (until Mar 9[th] 2017) integrated.
At the Data cut-off date for the primary analysis of DFS, 124 progression events (55.9% maturity overall) had occurred; 114 patients had disease recurrence，10 patients died before disease recurrence. Analysed recurrent pattern include lung, brain, liver, bone adrenal gland, pleura, pericardium, spleen and regional lymph nodes metastasis. Even no significant differences were found, highest proportion of patients in both group(18.9% for VP and 26.1% for gefitinib, p=0.199) surfer brain metastasis with lung metastases being the second common recurrent site. Time to brain metastases showed no significantly difference between the two groups (not reach vs 40.8m, p>0.05). Among the 29 brain metastases patients with gefitinib, the brain metastases occurred in 17 patients during the gefitinib treament, and 12 patients relapse after the gefitnib termination. Figure 1
Compared with other site metastases, lung, brain and regional lymph nodes metastases account for major proportion of recurrence in ADJUVANT study. (NCT01405079)
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