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Xu-Chao Zhang

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    JCSE 01 - Joint IASLC/CSCO/CAALC Session: Immunotherapy for Management of Lung Cancer: Ongoing Research from East and West (ID 630)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Joint Session IASLC/CSCO/CAALC
    • Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      JCSE 01.25 - Detection of EGFR T790M Mutations by Four Testing Platforms in ctDNA from Chinese Patients with Advanced NSCLC (ID 10921)

      07:30 - 11:30  |  Presenting Author(s): Xu-Chao Zhang

      • Abstract

      Osimertinib is used to treat patients with locally advanced or metastatic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Detection of the T790M mutation in tissue samples may not be possible in some patients due to unfeasible or unsuccessful rebiopsies; detection in circulating cell-free tumor DNA (ctDNA) may represent a promising alternative. Here we evaluated four platforms to detect T790M using ctDNA in plasma from Chinese patients as part of the ADELOS study.

      ADELOS is being conducted in China in 256 patients with advanced NSCLC, sensitizing mutations and progression on previous tyrosine kinase inhibitor. T790M was detected in plasma ctDNA by cobas® real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), super amplification refractory mutation system (Super-ARMS) PCR, QuantStudio3D digital PCR, and next-generation sequencing (NGS). T790M positive patients by any of the four platforms received osimertinib 80 mg/day orally. The relationship between T790M detection by each platform and objective response rate (ORR) was investigated. Concordance, sensitivity and specificity, and positive/negative predictive value between platforms were assessed. T790M mutation level in ctDNA was dynamically monitored every 6 weeks using digital PCR and NGS during osimertinib treatment, and its correlation with clinical outcome was evaluated. NGS also provided information about the heterogeneity of other genetic alterations in patients before osimertinib treatment.

      Section will be completed in late-breaking abstract submission

      Section will be completed in late-breaking abstract submission