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Si-Yang Liu

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    JCSE 01 - Joint IASLC/CSCO/CAALC Session: Immunotherapy for Management of Lung Cancer: Ongoing Research from East and West (ID 630)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Joint Session IASLC/CSCO/CAALC
    • Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      JCSE 01.21 - Combination of Biomarker and Clinicopathologic Characters May Circle out Beneficiaries through Second-Line Immunotherapy: A Meta Analyse (ID 10917)

      07:30 - 11:30  |  Presenting Author(s): Si-Yang Liu

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression had been proposed as predictive biomarker to immune-checkpoint inhibitors. Yet treatment responses are not always consistent with this single agent in the second-line therapy of NSCLC. Whether combination of PD-L1 and clinicopathologic characters could circle out optimal beneficiaries are still unknown.

      We performed a meta-analysis of randomized control trials that compared immune-checkpoint inhibitors against chemotherapy in second-line therapy. Data including smoking status, EGFR status, KRAS status and histology were extracted as subgroup analyse to estimate the potential predictor of efficacy for anti PD-1/L1.

      Five clinical trials that compared immune-checkpoint inhibitors against chemotherapy for second-line therapy were included. Both PD-L1 positive (HR=0.64, 95%CI=0.56-0.73, P<0.00001) and PD-L1 negative (HR=0.88, 95%CI=0.78-1.00, P=0.05) favored anti PD-1/L1. Subgroup analyse indicated that adenocarcinoma (ADC) as well as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) preferred anti PD-1/L1. Never smokers may not benefit from anti PD-1/L1 but current/ever smokers did (HR=0.70, 95%CI=0.63-0.79, P<0.00001). Patients with EGFR mutation could not gain benefit from anti PD-1/L1 while the EGFR wild type could (HR=0.67, 95%CI=0.60-0.76, P<0.00001). Both KRAS mutation (HR=0.60, 95%CI=0.39-0.92, P=0.02) and wild type/unknown (HR=0.81, 95%CI=0.67-0.97, P=0.02) were apt to anti PD-1/L1. Figure 1

      Regardless of PD-L1 status, immune-checkpoint inhibitors could achieve better efficacy than chemotherapy in second-line therapy. Current/ever smokers without EGFR mutations may benefit more from anti PD-1/L1. Combination of PD-L1 and strongly relevant clinicopathologic characters should be considered to tailor optimal patients for anti PD-1/L1.

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