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John G Edwards
PL 02 - Presidential Symposium including Top 3 Abstracts and James Cox Lectureship Award Presentation (ID 585)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Plenary Session
- Track: Early Stage NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:Hisao Asamura, Keunchil Park
- Coordinates: 10/17/2017, 08:15 - 09:45, Plenary Hall (Exhibit Hall D)
PL 02.06 - The IASLC Lung Cancer Staging Project: Analysis of Resection Margin Status and Proposals for R Status Descriptors for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 10325)
08:15 - 09:45 | Presenting Author(s): John G Edwards
The residual tumor (R) classification describes the tumor status after treatment. It reflects the effectiveness of treatment, has prognostic impact and may affect further treatment. We analyzed existing and potential R status criteria, including the proposed IASLC definition for “uncertain” resection margin status (2005), from data collected for the IASLC Lung Cancer Staging Project.
This analysis is based on 14,712 patients undergoing NCSLC surgery, for whom full R status and survival data were available. R status criteria and the following data were evaluated: number of N2 stations explored; lobe-specific systematic lymph node dissection (SLND); extra-capsular extension (ECE); status of the highest station; bronchial carcinoma in situ (cis) at bronchial resection margin (BRM); pleural lavage cytology (PLC). Revised categories of R0, R(un), R1 and R2 were designated and tested for survival impact.
There were 14,293 R0, 263 R1 and 156 R2 cases, with median survival not reached, 33 and 29 months (p<0.0001). R status correlated with T and N stages (p<0.0001). Greater or equal to 3 N2 stations were explored for 9,290 cases (63%) and lobe-specific SLND in 6,619 (45%), with positive associations for increasing pN2 stage (p<0.0001). ECE was recorded in 61 (20%) of 304 N+ cases evaluated. The highest station was positive in 942 (6.4%) cases. PLC was positive in 59 (3.6%) of 1,646 cases and there was BRM cis in 13 cases. After reassignment according to the IASLC proposed definition, there were 6,103 R0 cases, 8,203 R(un), 250 R1 and 156 R2. Figure 1
These data confirm the proposed criteria for Uncertain R status, R(un), with a prognosis stratifying between R0 and R1. Further detailed prospective data collection is required to characterize fully the prognostic impact of these criteria. Detailed evaluation of R status is of particular importance in the design and analyses of clinical trials of adjuvant therapies.
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