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Hongbin Chen



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    MA 01 - SCLC: Research Perspectives (ID 650)

    • Event: WCLC 2017
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: SCLC/Neuroendocrine Tumors
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA 01.06 - A Phase II Study of Etirinotecan Pegol (NKTR-102) in Patients with Chemotherapy-Resistant Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 10255)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Presenting Author(s): Hongbin Chen

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has poor prognosis and systemic chemotherapy is the standard treatment. Irinotecan is a topoisomerase-I inhibitor that has been used in treating SCLC. Etirinotecan pegol (NKTR-102) is a polyethylene glycol conjugate of irinotecan uniquely designed for prolonged tumor cell exposure by using the polymer conjugate technology. This is a single arm phase II study to evaluate single agent etirinotecan pegol in patients with relapsed SCLC (NCT01876446). In WCLC 2016 we reported its promising activity with an acceptable toxicity profile in treatment of chemotherapy-sensitive SCLC. Here we report the results in chemotherapy-resistant SCLC.

      Method:
      A total of 38 patients who have received only one prior systemic therapy for SCLC were enrolled. There were 2 patient cohorts: those progressing on first-line chemotherapy <3 months after completion of treatment (Group A: chemotherapy-resistant, N=20) and those progressing on first-line chemotherapy ≥3 months after completion of treatment (Group B: chemotherapy-sensitive, N=18). Etirinotecan pegol was administered at 145 mg/m[2] IV once every 3 weeks. Cycles were repeated every 21 days until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or withdrawal from study. The primary endpoint was the 18-week progression free survival (PFS) rate. The secondary endpoints were objective response rate (ORR), duration of response (DOR), overall survival (OS) and toxicity. A single-stage design was used to assess the primary endpoint separately for each patient group.

      Result:
      Group A has completed targeted enrollment of 20 patients and the results are presented here. Median age was 60.4 (46.1-74.8) years, with 50% male and ECOG PS 0 (9/20) or 1 (11/20). Prior chemotherapy included cisplatin/etoposide (25%) or carboplatin/etoposide (70%). Patients received a median of 2 (1-10) cycles of etirinotecan pegol, with dose reduction in 15%. PFS rate at week 18 was 35% (7/20, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 16-55%). ORR was 20% (4/20), all of which were partial response. Another 30% (6/20) of patients had stable disease. Median DOR was 4.8 (1.6-10.5) months. Median PFS was 9.4 (95% CI: 5.8, 21.6) weeks, and OS was 8.1 (95% CI: 2.9, 11.9) months. The most common treatment-related adverse events (AEs) of any grade were diarrhea (50%), fatigue (35%), weight loss (35%), nausea (30%), and vomiting (30%). The most common AEs ≥grade 3 were diarrhea, leukopenia and neutropenia (2 cases each, all grade 3).

      Conclusion:
      Etirinotecan pegol has demonstrated promising activity with an acceptable toxicity profile and a convenient schedule in treatment of patients with chemotherapy-resistant relapsed SCLC and therefore warrants further investigation.

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