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MA 10 - Immunotherapy I (ID 664)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Immunology and Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
MA 10.05 - Improved Outcome for Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICI) in Patients Previously Treated with Bavituximab in the SUNRISE Trial (ID 8684)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): Joseph Shan
Bavituximab targets exposed phosphatidylserine (PS) in the tumor microenvironment, resulting in repolarization of myeloid suppressor cells/M2 macrophages to M1, production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IFNγ and IL-12, dendritic cell maturation, and tumor specific cytotoxic T-cell activation. SUNRISE was a Phase III trial of docetaxel with bavituximab (D+B) or placebo (D+P) in patients with treated Stage IIIb/IV non-squamous NSCLC. Recent correlative analyses from SUNRISE suggest bavituximab is more active in PD-L1 negative, immune cold tumors and thus may complement PD-1/PD-L1 ICI.
This subgroup analysis included all patients who received subsequent ICI after discontinuing SUNRISE study drug. We calculated overall survival (OS) both from randomization and start of subsequent ICI.
Ninety-three of 597 randomized patients (16%) received ICI as next line of therapy after SUNRISE assigned treatment. Baseline characteristics were balanced between the treatment groups and consistent with the ITT population. From randomization, mOS was not reached (95% confidence interval [CI], 15.2-NA) in D+B (N=46) and 12.6 months (95% CI, 10.4-17.8) in D+P (N=47) (hazard ratio [HR], 0.46; P=0.006) (Figure). From start of ICI, mOS was not reached (95% CI, 10.2-NA) in D+B and 6.2 months (95% CI, 3.9-8.7) in D+P (HR, 0.42; P=0.002). The mPFS was 6.0 months (95% CI, 3.5-6.5) in D+B and 4.4 months (95% CI, 2.6-6.3) in D+P (HR, 1.00; P=0.991). ORR was 20% vs. 13% (Odds ratio 0.6; P=0.41) for D+B and D+P, respectively. The safety profile was similar between groups and no immune related (IR) toxicities (colitis, pneumonitis, hypothyroidism) were reported.
Within the limits of a subgroup analysis, a significant improvement in OS was observed for patients previously treated with D+B. Furthermore, bavituximab has not been associated with IR toxicities and might serve as a useful drug in combination with ICI for the treatment of immune cold tumors. Figure 1
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P2.02 - Biology/Pathology (ID 616)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Poster Session with Presenters Present
- Track: Biology/Pathology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/17/2017, 09:30 - 16:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B + C)
P2.02-030 - Bavituximab in Combination With Nivolumab Enhances Tumor Immune Response in a 3D Ex Vivo System of Lung Cancer Patients (ID 8683)
09:30 - 16:00 | Presenting Author(s): Joseph Shan
Bavituximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody that targets the membrane phospholipid phosphatidylserine (PS) exposed on endothelial cells and cancer cells in solid tumors. Our previous studies showed that bavituximab enhances the activation of CD8+ TILs that correlates with increased cytokine production by lymphoid and myeloid cells in lung cancer with low PD-L1 expression suggesting that the interruption of the PD-1/PD-L1 axis by nivolumab may enhance the bavituximab effect in tumors.
Fresh tumor tissues obtained from consented patients with NSCLC, urothelial carcinoma or renal cell carcinoma at the time of surgical resection were utilized in a proprietary 3D ex vivo tumor miscrosphere assay, where 3D tumor microspheres were treated with bavituximab or nivolumab alone or in combination at 10 mg/ml for 36 hours. At the end of the treatment, a multiplex human cytokine assay was used to simultaneously analyze the differential secretion of cytokines, including human IFNg, in culture media as a surrogate of TIL activation. In addition, gene expression analysis of microspheres was performed using the NanoString PanCancer Immune Profiling panel which contains probes to quantitate 770 immune function genes.
Preliminary results indicate the combination treatment with bavituximab and nivolumab led to increased expression of genes involved in M1 polarization of tumor associated macrophages in a subpopulation of lung tumors that closely correlated with release of cytokines such as MIP1b (CCL4) which is a chemoattractant for natural killer cells, monocytes and a variety of other cells involved in tumor immune response.
This lung patient derived ex-vivo approach indicates that bavituximab in combination with nivolumab may enhance immune response. This response likely involves M1 polarization of tumor associated macrophages and suggests potential clinical implications in the treatment of lung cancer.