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MA 01 - SCLC: Research Perspectives (ID 650)
- Event: WCLC 2017
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: SCLC/Neuroendocrine Tumors
- Presentations: 1
MA 01.10 - Outcome Based on Baseline Total Lymphocyte Count & Neutrophil-To-Lymphocyte Ratio in Extensive Stage Small-Cell Lung Cancer (ID 8570)
11:00 - 12:30 | Presenting Author(s): Ryoko Suzuki
The prognosis for patients with extensive stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) is dismal. Immune suppression and systemic inflammation have been linked with outcomes for patients with a variety of malignancies, including lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of baseline immune suppression and systemic inflammation as assessed with hematologic markers such as total lymphocyte count (TLC) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on overall survival (OS) in patients with ES-SCLC.
We retrospectively investigated 253 consecutive patients with pathologically and radiographically proven ES-SCLC treated at a single tertiary cancer center from 1998 through 2015. Potential correlations between initial complete blood counts & differential and other clinicopathologic characteristics were sought. Hematologic markers such as pretreatment TLC, NLR, platelet count, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio and other clinical characteristics including age, sex, performance status, race, TNM stage (M1a vs. M1b), weight loss, smoking status, number of initial chemotherapy cycles (<4 vs. ≥4 cycles), thoracic radiation therapy (TRT) dose (<45 Gy vs. ≥45 Gy), and receipt of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) were evaluated for correlation with OS. Median values for each hematologic marker were used as cutoffs. Factors identified as important by univariate analysis were selected as covariates to construct a multivariate Cox model for OS.
Pretreatment TLC was below the lower limit of normal (i.e., <1.0×10/µL) in 58 patients (23%). Median OS was 11.0 months for the entire cohort. Median OS time was significantly worse in patients with lower pretreatment TLC (TLC ≤1.5×10/µL: 9.8 months, 95% confidence interval [CI] 8.9‒10.7 vs. TLC >1.5×10/µL: 11.6 months, 95% CI 9.3‒13.9) and higher pretreatment NLR (NLR >4.0: 9.3 months, 95% CI 8.8‒9.8 vs. NLR ≤4.0: 13.9 months, 95% CI 11.2‒16.6). Multivariate analysis identified lower pretreatment TLC (hazard ratio [HR] 0.735, 95% CI 0.561‒0.962, P=0.025) and elevated pretreatment NLR (HR 1.534, 95% CI 1.182‒1.991, P=0.001) as being independent predictors of inferior survival. Six other clinicopathologic factors (age >63 years, being male, performance status score ≥2, having <4 initial chemotherapy cycles, TRT <45 Gy, and no PCI) were also shown to be independent predictors of worse OS in multivariate analysis (P<0.05).
Pretreatment TLC and NLR are useful prognostic markers for OS in patients with ES-SCLC. These findings have important implications for stratifying patients with ES-SCLC for various treatment approaches, possibly including immune modulation.
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