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S.S. Katpattil



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    Poster Display Session (ID 63)

    • Event: ELCC 2017
    • Type: Poster Display Session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Moderators:
    • Coordinates: 5/07/2017, 12:30 - 13:00, Hall 1
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      19P - Domestic cooking fuel as a risk factor for lung cancer in women: A case control study (ID 227)

      12:30 - 13:00  |  Author(s): S.S. Katpattil

      • Abstract

      Background:
      Tobacco smoking is the most common risk factor for lung cancer. But a significant proportion of lung cancer occurs in non-smokers. Indoor pollution due to domestic fuels has been recently implicated as a causative agent in lung cancer especially in women. We conducted a case control study to find out the role of domestic cooking fuel as a risk factor for lung cancer in Indian women.

      Methods:
      In a case control study 67 women with proven lung cancer were recruited. Forty-six females having a non-malignant respiratory disease constituted the control group. The patients and controls were asked about the exposure in various cooking fuels using a questionnaire.

      Results:
      There were 50(74.6%) non-smokers and 17(25.4%) smokers among the female cancer cases (p = 0.016). Adenocarcinoma was the commonest histological type of malignancy (n = 26, 38.8%) in the whole group and was the predominant form in the non-smoking females. Tobacco smoking was the most important risk factor for lung cancer with OR of 4.87 (95% CI 1.34-17.76). Among non-smokers out of all the cooking fuels the risk of development of lung cancer was highest for biomass fuel exposure with an odds ratio of 5.33 (95% CI 1.7-16.7). Use of mixed fuels was associated with a lesser risk (OR = 3.04, 95% CI 1.1-8.38).

      Conclusions:
      This study indicated that domestic cooking fuel exposure is an important risk factor in the causation of lung cancer among women in addition of exposure to tobacco smoke.

      Clinical trial identification:
      NA

      Legal entity responsible for the study:
      Al Iqbal Hospital

      Funding:
      Al Iqbal Hospital

      Disclosure:
      The author has declared no conflicts of interest.