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OA24 - Radiotherapy of Lung Cancer: Recent Developments (ID 411)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Radiotherapy
- Presentations: 1
OA24.06 - Histologic Subtype of Early-Stage Lung Adenocarcinoma is a Predictor of Failure Patterns after Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (ID 4618)
14:20 - 15:50 | Author(s): Z. Zhang
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has emerged as an effective treatment for early-stage lung cancer. Histologic subtyping in surgically resected lung adenocarcinomas is recognized as a prognostic factor, with the presence of solid or micropapillary patterns predicting poor outcomes. Herein, we describe outcomes following SBRT for early-stage lung adenocarcinoma by histologic subtype.
We identified 119 consecutive patients (124 lesions) with stage I-IIA lung adenocarcinoma who were treated with definitive SBRT at our institution between August 2008 and August 2015 and had undergone core biopsy. Histologic subtyping was performed according to the 2015 WHO Classification. Thirty-seven tumors (30%) were of high risk subtype, defined as containing a component of solid and/or micropapillary pattern. Cumulative incidences of local, nodal, regional and distant failure were compared between high risk vs. non-high risk adenocarcinoma subtypes with Gray’s test, and multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios were estimated from propensity score-weighted Cox regression models.
Median follow-up for the entire cohort was 17 months and 21 months for surviving patients. The 1-year cumulative incidence of local, nodal, regional and distant failure, respectively, in high risk and non-high risk lesions were 7.3%, 14.8%, 4.0%, 22.7% and 2.7%, 2.6%, 1.2%, 3.6%. Hazard ratios for local, nodal, regional and distant failure, respectively, of high risk lesions compared to non-high risk were 16.8 (95% CI 3.5-81.4), 3.8 (95% CI 0.95-15.0), 20.9 (95% CI 2.3-192.3), 6.9 (95% CI 2.2-21.1). No significant difference was seen with regard to overall survival.
Outcomes following SBRT for early-stage adenocarcinoma of the lung are highly correlated with histologic subtype, with micropapillary and solid tumors portending significantly higher rates of locoregional and metastatic progression. In this context, histologic subtype based on core biopsies is a novel prognostic factor and may have important implications for patient selection, adjuvant treatment, biopsy methods and clinical trial design.
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