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OA23 - EGFR Targeted Therapies in Advanced NSCLC (ID 410)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
OA23.02 - Efficacy and Safety of Necitumumab Continuation Monotherapy in Patients with EGFR-Expressing Tumors in SQUIRE, a Phase 3 Study (ID 4283)
14:20 - 15:50 | Author(s): S. Nanda
SQUIRE (NCT00981058) demonstrated adding necitumumab (N) to gemcitabine/cisplatin (GC) improved survival in patients with Stage IV squamous NSCLC (SQ-NSCLC). Retrospective analysis revealed consistent treatment effect in favor of patients receiving N monotherapy as continuation after chemotherapy (CT) (GC+N continuation patients) versus continuation therapy-eligible GC arm patients (GC non-progressors). In the EU, N is approved for patients with EGFR-expressing tumors. We repeated the analysis in this patient population.
Patients with Stage IV SQ-NSCLC were randomized 1:1 for ≤6 cycles of G (1250 mg/m iv, Days [d] 1,8) and C (75 mg/m iv, d1) either with or without N (800 mg iv, d1,8). Patients in GC+N without progression continued N until progressive disease (PD). SQUIRE included mandatory tissue collection. EGFR protein expression was assessed by IHC in a central lab (Dako EGFR PharmDx kit). Analyses were done in EGFR-expressing patients (EGFR >0). Patients who received ≥4 cycles of CT without PD were included. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. 95% CIs and hazard ratios estimated using stratified Cox proportional hazards model.
Of 1093 patients (ITT population), 982 patients (89.8%) had evaluable IHC assay results; 935/982 (95.2%) had EGFR>0. GC+N arm continuation therapy patients included 228 patients with EGFR>0 and 194 patients (EGFR>0) were GC arm non-progressors. Baseline characteristics were similar except gender (Males: 81% in GC+N vs 91% in GC arm). CT exposure was balanced. Median OS from randomization in GC+N vs GC was 16.1 vs 14.9 months; HR 0.76 (95% CI, 0.61, 0.95). Median PFS in GC+N vs GC was 7.4 vs 6.9 months; HR 0.81 (95% CI, 0.66, 1.00). Figure 1
In patients with EGFR-expressing tumors, a consistent treatment effect in favor of GC+N continuation maintenance compared to GC non-progressors was observed, similar to ITT population with no unexpected increases in AEs.