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OA23 - EGFR Targeted Therapies in Advanced NSCLC (ID 410)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
OA23.01 - Anti-EGFR Monoclonal Antibodies plus Chemotherapy in the First-Line Treatment of Advanced NSCLC: A Meta-Analysis (ID 4135)
14:20 - 15:50 | Author(s): G. Stock
Monoclonal Antibodies (mAbs) against the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) in association with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy have emerged as a potential first-line treatment option for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study was conducted to systematically review available data and evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of anti-EGFR mAbs plus chemotherapy vs chemotherapy alone for advanced NSCLC.
We carried out a search on network databases and oncology conference abstracts for studies between 1990 and January 2016. Only prospective randomized clinical trials were included. Primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and toxicity frequency. Secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall response rate (ORR). Subgroup analysis was performed assessing histological subtypes, EGFR protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC), EGFR gene copy number by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH), EGFR mutation status, and smoking status.
Seven studies (2 with necitumumab and 5 with cetuximab) were included with 5,057 patients. Compared to chemotherapy alone, significant benefits were demonstrated by the addition of anti-EGFR mAb to chemotherapy in OS (HR 0.90; 95%CI 0.84-0.95), PFS (HR 0.93; 95%CI 0.87-0.98), and ORR (OR 1.27; 95%CI 1.06-1.51). In subgroup analyses, the association of anti-EGFR mAb was associated with improved OS among patients with squamous histology (HR 0.84; 95%CI 0.76-0.92), tumours with high EGFR expression by IHC (HR 0.83; 95%CI 0.70-0.98), and smokers (HR 0.87; 95%CI 0.79-0.96). Patients with squamous histology and high EGFR expression by IHC achieved the highest benefit with the association (HR 0.71; 95%CI 0.59-0.86). The OS with the association also seemed to be higher in EGFR FISH negative and in EGFR wild-type tumours, but without statistical significance. Chemotherapy plus anti-EGFR mAb caused more grade 3 or worse adverse events (OR 1.73; 95%CI 1.50-2.00), remarkedly these known to be associated with anti-EGFR therapy, such as acne-like rash (OR 34.13; 95%CI 16.40-71.00) and hypomagnesemia (OR 6.23; 95%CI 3.04-12.77).
Anti-EGFR therapy plus platinum-based doublet chemotherapy as first-line treatment demonstrated significant efficacy benefits with acceptable toxicity for advanced NSCLC. This benefit is more expressive among squamous histology with high EGFR expression. EGFR protein expression by IHC seems to be a predictive marker for survival in the association group. Further research is needed to corroborate these findings.
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