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MA16 - Novel Strategies in Targeted Therapy (ID 407)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy/Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
MA16.03 - Global RET Registry (GLORY): Activity of RET-Directed Targeted Therapies in RET-Rearranged Lung Cancers (ID 4325)
14:20 - 15:50 | Author(s): J. Milia-Baron
GLORY is a global registry of patients with RET-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In order to complement ongoing prospective studies, the registry’s goal is to provide data on the efficacy of RET-directed targeted therapies administered outside the context of a clinical trial. We previously reported results from our first interim analysis (Gautschi, ASCO 2016). Following additional accrual into the registry, updated results are presented here, with a focus on an expanded efficacy analysis of various RET inhibitors.
A global, multicenter network of thoracic oncologists identified patients with pathologically-confirmed NSCLC harboring a RET rearrangement. Molecular profiling was performed locally via RT-PCR, FISH, or next-generation sequencing. Anonymized data including clinical, pathologic, and molecular features were collected centrally and analyzed by an independent statistician. Response to RET tyrosine kinase inhibition (TKI) administered off-protocol was determined by RECIST1.1 (data cutoff date: April 15, 2016). In the subgroup of patients who received RET TKI therapy, the objectives were to determine overall response rate (ORR, primary objective), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS).
165 patients with RET-rearranged NSCLC from 29 centers in Europe, Asia, and the USA were accrued. The median age was 61 years (range 28-89 years). The majority of patients were female (52%), never smokers (63%), with lung adenocarcinomas (98%) and advanced disease (91%). The most frequent metastasic sites were lymph nodes (82%), bone (51%) and lung (32%). KIF5B-RET was the most commonly identified fusion (70%). 53 patients received at least one RET-TKI outside of a clinical protocol, including cabozantinib (21), vandetanib (11), sunitinib (10), sorafenib (2), alectinib (2), lenvatinib (2), nintedanib (2), ponatinib (2) and regorafenib (1). In patients who were evaluable for response (n=50), the ORR was 37% for cabozantinib, 18% for vandetanib, and 22% for sunitinib. Median PFS was 3.6, 2.9, and 2.2 months and median OS was 4.9, 10.2, and 6.8 months for cabozantinib, vandetanib, and sunitinib, respectively. Responses were also observed with nintedanib and lenvatinib. Among patients who received more than one TKI (n=10), 3 partial responses were achieved after prior treatment with a different TKI.
RET inhibitors are active in individual patients with RET-rearranged NSCLC, however, novel therapeutic approaches are warranted with the hope of improving current clinical outcomes. GLORY remains the largest dataset of patients with RET-rearranged NSCLC, and continues to accrue patients.
P3.02c - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 472)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Poster Presenters Present
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 12/07/2016, 14:30 - 15:45, Hall B (Poster Area)
P3.02c-032 - Interstitial Pneumonitis Associated with Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors Treatment in Cancer Patients (ID 5670)
14:30 - 15:45 | Author(s): J. Milia-Baron
Immunotherapy is now a standard of care in melanoma, lung cancer and is spreading across other tumours. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) are generally well tolerated but can also generate immune-related adverse effects. Since the first trials, pneumonitis has been identified as a rare but potentially life-threatening event.
We conducted a retrospective study over a period of 5 months in centers experienced in ICI use in clinical trials, access programs or following national approval. We report the main features of possibly related pneumonitis occurring in patients treated with ICI with a particular focus on clinical presentation, radiologic patterns (with a double reviewing by radiologists and pulmonologists), pathology and therapeutic strategies.
We identified 71 patients with possibly related pneumonitis including 54 NSCLC and 13 melanoma. They mainly received PD1 inhibitors. Pneumonitis usually occurred in male, former or current smokers with a median age of 59 years. We observed grade 2/3 (n= 45, 65.2%) and grade 5 (n= 6, 8.7%) pneumonitis. The median duration time between the introduction of immunotherapy and the pneumonitis was 2.2 months [0.1-27.4]. Ground glass opacitiy on lung CT-scan were the most predominant lesion 80.9% (n=55), followed by consolidations 44.1% (n=30), reticulations 36.7% (n=25) and bronchiectasis in 20.6% (n=14). When performed, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) showed a T-lymphocytic alveolitis and transbronchial biopsy an inflammatory and lymphocytic infiltration. Pneumonitis treatment was steroids (86.6%) and/or antibiotics (67.6%). Immunotherapy was stopped after the pneumonitis for 65 cases (92.9%) and reintroduced for 12 (9.4%) cases. Twenty-four patients (34.3%) were dead at the last follow-up and 46 patients (65.7%) were still alive. Among the living patients, the pneumonitis outcome was a total recovery in 12 patients, improvement in 22 patients, stability in 10 patients, worsening evolution in 1 patient (1 unknown). Causality of immunotherapy was evaluated by investigators as “possible” for 34 patients (49.3%), “probable” for 17 (24.6%), “certain” for 15 (21.7%) other causes for 3 (4.3%) and 2 unknowns. Median overall survival from the onset of pneumonitis was 6 months.
This serie, the largest to date, of immune-related pneumonitis demonstrates that it occurs usually during the first months and displays specific radiologic features. As there is no clearly identified risk factor, oncologists should be able to detect, diagnose (with CT-scan and bronchoscopy) and treat this adverse event. An early management is usually associated with a favourable outcome and requires a close collaboration between pulmonologists, radiologists and oncologists.