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P3.02c - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 472)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Poster Presenters Present
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 12/07/2016, 14:30 - 15:45, Hall B (Poster Area)
P3.02c-030 - Use of a 200-Mg Fixed Dose of Pembrolizumab for the Treatment of Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (ID 6129)
14:30 - 15:45 | Author(s): A. Tafreshi
Previous analyses showed no clinically significant exposure-efficacy relationship for pembrolizumab doses of 2-10 mg/kg. Population pharmacokinetics (popPK) modeling suggested weight-based or fixed pembrolizumab doses could maintain exposures within the established safety/efficacy bounds. Fixed dose advantages include increased convenience, reduced dosing error risk, and less discarded product. Pembrolizumab 200 mg Q3W was evaluated in the KEYNOTE-024 study of pembrolizumab versus platinum-doublet chemotherapy for treatment-naive advanced NSCLC with PD-L1 TPS ≥50% (NCT02142738).
Pembrolizumab serum concentration was quantified with an electrochemiluminescence-based immunoassay (lower limit of quantitation, 10 ng/mL). The existing 2-compartment popPK model derived from studies of weight-based pembrolizumab dosing was extended with KEYNOTE-024 concentration-time data. Correlation between pembrolizumab exposure (ie, area under the serum-concentration curve over 6 weeks [AUC~ss-6weeks~]) and efficacy was assessed.
Median (range) weight was 69.7 kg (38-110) in KEYNOTE-024 and 75 kg (35.7-210) in the existing popPK model studies. In treatment-naive advanced NSCLC, there was a flat relationship between pembrolizumab exposure and efficacy for the 200-mg fixed dose and weight-based doses (linear regression P>0.05). Observed pembrolizumab concentrations for 200 mg (median 1976 μg·d/mL, 90% CI 1124-3322) were consistent with predictions (median 1751 μg·d/mL, 90% prediction interval 955-3136) and fell within the previously observed therapeutic window for 2 and 10 mg/kg (Figure). There was considerable overlap in exposures for 2 mg/kg and 200 mg, regardless of whether weight was >90 or <90 kg for 200 mg (Figure). Figure 1
Pembrolizumab exposure at 200 mg Q3W is similar to that of 2 mg/kg Q3W. Including data from patients with advanced NSCLC treated with 200 mg did not change the flat exposure-efficacy relationship. Along with the superior PFS and OS provided by pembrolizumab over platinum-doublet chemotherapy as first-line therapy for advanced NSCLC with TPS ≥50%, these data support 200 mg Q3W as an alternative to the approved 2-mg/kg Q3W dose.
PL04a - Plenary Session: Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Advanced NSCLC (ID 430)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Plenary
- Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy/Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
PL04a.01 - Health-Related Quality of Life for Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC with PD-L1 TPS ≥50%: Data from KEYNOTE-024 (Abstract under Embargo until December 7, 7:00 CET) (ID 7153)
08:45 - 09:40 | Author(s): A. Tafreshi
In KEYNOTE-024 (NCT02142738), pembrolizumab provided superior progression-free survival (PFS) over platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with PD-L1 expression on ≥50% of tumor cells (ie, PD-L1 tumor proportion score [TPS] ≥50%) and no sensitizing EGFR or ALK aberrations (HR 0.50, P < 0.001). Despite a 44% crossover rate from chemotherapy to pembrolizumab, pembrolizumab also significantly improved overall survival (OS) (HR 0.60, P = 0.005). Any-grade (73% vs 90%) and grade 3-5 (27% vs 53%) treatment-related adverse events were less frequent with pembrolizumab. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important consideration for anticancer therapy, particularly in the first-line setting. We present data from the prespecified exploratory patient-reported outcomes (PRO) analysis of KEYNOTE-024.
305 patients were randomized to pembrolizumab 200 mg Q3W or investigator-choice platinum-doublet chemotherapy plus optional pemetrexed maintenance therapy for nonsquamous disease. The EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-LC13 were administered at cycles 1-3 and every 9 weeks thereafter. The key PRO end points were change from baseline to week 15 in the QLQ-C30 global health status/QoL score and time to deterioration in the QLQ-LC13 composite of cough, chest pain, and dyspnea. PROs were analyzed for all patients who received study treatment and completed ≥1 PRO instrument (n = 299).
Across treatment arms, PRO compliance was >90% at baseline and ~80% at week 15. Least squares (LS) mean (95% CI) change from baseline to week 15 in QLQ-C30 global health status/QoL score was 6.95 (3.29 to10.58) for pembrolizumab (n = 151) and –0.88 (–4.78 to 3.02) for chemotherapy (n = 148). The difference in LS means was 7.82 (95% CI 2.85-12.79; nominal 2-sided P = 0.002). The proportion of improved global health status/QoL score at week 15 was 40.0% for pembrolizumab and 26.5% for chemotherapy. Fewer patients in the pembrolizumab arm had deterioration in the QLQ-LC13 composite of cough, dyspnea, and chest pain (30% vs 39%), and time to deterioration was also prolonged with pembrolizumab (HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.44-0.97; nominal 2-sided P = 0.029).
Pembrolizumab was associated with a clinically meaningful improvement in HRQoL compared with platinum-based chemotherapy. Combined with the superior PFS and OS and manageable safety profile, these data suggest pembrolizumab may be a new standard of care for first-line treatment of PD-L1–expressing advanced NSCLC.
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