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OA17 - Aspects of Health Policies and Public Health (ID 397)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Regional Aspects/Health Policy/Public Health
- Presentations: 1
OA17.06 - Make the World Beautiful and Healthy by Making Your Country Smoke Free: Case Study between Iceland and Thailand? (ID 5570)
16:00 - 17:30 | Author(s): M.M. Cho
Globally, 600,000 non-smokers die due to tobacco related diseases and health care cost for tobacco related diseases are soaring especially in developing countries.Cigarette smoke contains 69 known carcinogens out of 7000 chemicals causing various health problems in children and infants including ear infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, frequent and severe asthma attacks, sudden infant death syndrome and cancer. Secondhand smoke can cause coronary heart disease, stroke and various kinds of cancer including lung cancer in adult. 2006 U.S. Surgeon General Report clearly confirmed that there is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. Therefore, there is a strong need for comprehensive smoke free law in reducing the burden of tobacco use in the world.
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Iceland is a high income country with a long history of tobacco control. The comprehensive tobacco control law was passed in 1984 which included restriction on smoking in service areas of public and private buildings, premises of health care facilities, schools, workplaces, and in public transport whereas Thailand is an upper middle income country and once had a very high smoking rate (70 percent for male and around 5 percent for female) in early 1970. Smoking ban in movie theaters and buses ordinance was issued by Bangkok Metropolitan Administration I n 1976 followed by the comprehensive interventions including smoke-free areas by the royal Thai government in 1991. As a result, the smoking prevalence went down to 32 percent in Thailand but this still demonstrated that one in three adults in 1991. It was found that the role of government and different civil society organizations in implementing smoke free policies was significant in both countries in this review paper. Although both countries issued smoke free policies, there are still challenges on implementation. Iceland try to overcome the challenges by developing comprehensive system including investigation after complaint and allocating budget for enforcement. Thailand also implemented 100% Smoke-Free Hospitals with the compliance rate of 86.4 percent according to a research in 2010. Thailand established the Thai Health Promotion Foundation (ThaiHealth) in 2001 which allowed Thailand to implement comprehensive tobacco control measures in a sustainable way. ThaiHealth used knowledge generation, social mobilization and policy advocacy called tri-power strategy in achieving the success.
This paper concluded that civil society initiative and continuing efforts on tobacco control which leads to adoption of comprehensive tobacco control law is the heart of the success of tobacco control in both countries.
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