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OA17 - Aspects of Health Policies and Public Health (ID 397)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Regional Aspects/Health Policy/Public Health
- Presentations: 1
OA17.03 - Insurance Type Influences Stage, Treatment, and Survival in Asian American Lung Cancer Patients (ID 5059)
16:00 - 17:30 | Author(s): A.J. Kaufman
Effect of insurance type on lung cancer diagnosis, treatment and survival is still under debate in Asian patients living in United States.
A total of 447,167 patients (18 to 113 years), diagnosed with lung cancer between 2004 and 2013 in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database were analyzed. Patient demographics and clinical characteristics were compared between Asian and Non-Asian patients. In Asian patients, patient demographics and characteristics were compared among insurance types. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the effect of insurance types on stage at diagnosis and treatment modalities. Multivariable cox’s regression analysis was performed to identify the effect of insurance type on cancer-specific death.
Asian were significantly more frequently males (56.7% vs. 53.1%), married (62.2% vs. 50.2%), with Medicaid (17.4% vs. 8.7%), living in rural area (93.6% vs. 86.9%), in a low income county (26.3% vs. 13.4%), and stage 4 at time of diagnosis (51.1% vs. 48.0%) than non-Asian patients (all p-value < 0.001). Among 26,884 Asian lung cancer patients, uninsured were significant younger (61.1±10.8 years) than non-Medicaid (69.1±11.9 years) and Medicaid (70.7±11.7 years), p <0.001, more likely single (18.9 % vs. 8.8% vs. 13.0%); living in a high income county (41.8% vs. 30.5% vs. 38.6%); more likely to be stage IV (63.7% vs. 50.0% vs. 51.2%); and not undergo surgery (86.2% vs. 75.4% vs. 82.6%), [all p-value < 0.001). Localized disease was more frequent in non-Medicaid (21.2%) and Medicaid (17.3%) compared to uninsured (9.0), (p < 0.001).At multivariable analyses, insurance type was not associated with cancer-directed surgery and radiotherapy. Insurance was significantly associated with cancer-specific death (uninsured HR 1.37 95%CI 1.07-1.75; non-Medicaid HR 1.17 95% CI 1.07-1.28 vs Medicaid).Figure 1
Insurance type affects stage at diagnosis and cancer-specific death but not surgical treatment and radiotherapy in Asian lung cancer patients.
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