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OA15 - Sublobar Resections for Early Stage NSCLC (ID 396)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Surgery
- Presentations: 1
OA15.07 - Is Necessary Completion Lobectomy in NSCLC (≤ 2cm) with Visceral Pleural Invasion or Lymphovascular Invasion after Sublobar Resection? (ID 5536)
16:00 - 17:30 | Author(s): J.K. Park
The standard surgical treatment of stage I non-small cell lung cancer is anatomical lobectomy. However, in some cases, small peripheral lung cancer (≤2cm) is treated by sublobar resection. The purpose of this study was to define the necessity of completion lobectomy when the tumor was revealed as non-small cell lung cancer with pleural invasion or lymphovascular invasion after sublobar resection.
We retrospectively reviewed 271 consecutive patients who underwent curative resection for stage I non–small cell lung cancer of 2 cm or less. We analyzed clinicopathological findings and survival between two groups with either invasion-positive tumor (tumor with visceral pleural invasion or lymphovascular invasion) or invasion-negative tumor (tumor without visceral pleural invasion and lymphovascular invasion): sublobar resection group and lobectomy group.
Except for age and pulmonary function, there were no differences in clinocopathological characteristics between sublobar resection group and lobectomy group with invasion-positive tumor or invasion-negative tumor. There was no difference in the 5-year recurrence-free survival rate between two groups in the invasion-positive tumor and invasion-negative tumor (78.9% vs 79.8%; p=0.928, 80.2% vs 85.4%; p=0.505). In the multivariate analysis, only number of dissected lymph nodes was a significant recurrence-related factor of stage I invasive-positive non-small cell lung cancer (hazard ratio 0.914, 95% confidence interval 0.845-0.988, p=0.023). Sublobar resection was not a risk factor for recurrence.
The survival between sublobar resection group and lobectomy group in small (≤2cm) non-small cell lung cancer with visceral pleural invasion or lymphovascular invasion were not different. Completion lobectomy is not necessary in small lung cancer after sublobar resection whether the tumor has visceral pleural invasion or lymphovascular invasion.