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MA14 - Immunotherapy in Advanced NSCLC: Biomarkers and Costs (ID 394)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MA14.05 - Implications of Implementation of a PD-L1 Biomarker-Based Strategy for Treatment of Advanced NSCLC (ID 5042)
16:00 - 17:30 | Author(s): R. Xu
The KEYNOTE-010 (KN010) clinical trial, a multi-center, worldwide, randomized Phase II/III trial of pembrolizumab 2m/kg every 3 weeks and docetaxel 75mg/m2 every 3 weeks in patients with previously treated advanced NSCLC with PD-L1 positive tumors showed a significant overall survival (OS) advantage for patients receiving pembrolizumab. We examined the improvement in prognoses for patients who elect to learn their PD-L1 biomarker results using extrapolative survival modeling.
Partitioned survival models to project long-term outcomes were developed using data from patients enrolled in KN010, with treated patients in the pembrolizumab 2m/kg and docetaxel 75mg/m2 arms included in these analyses. As OS for docetaxel patients is not dependent on PD-L1 status, KN010 results were assumed to represent docetaxel efficacy in all patients irrespective of PD-L1 status.The model projected expected lifetime using Kaplan Meier estimates of PFS and OS from the trial with extrapolation based on parametric functions and long term registry data.
Results directly from KN010 showed for patients with TPS≥50%, median survival to be 8.2 months (6.4, 10.7) and 14.9 months (10.4, NA) for docetaxel and pembrolizumab, respectively (HR= 0.54 (0.38, 0.77)). Model-based projections show that should all patients be treated with docetaxel, expected mean lifetime is 1.0 years. For patients receiving a PD-L1 biomarker test per KN010 28.49% will be identified as PD-L1 strong positive (TPS≥50%). PD-L1 (TPS ≥50%) predicts a life expectancy with biomarker directed pembrolizumab of 2.25 years on average.
Use of PD-L1 biomarker identification can significantly improve OS prognoses for patients considering pembrolizumab and docetaxel with advanced NSCLC based on both clinical trial results and model-based projections from KN010.
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