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OA19 - Translational Research in Early Stage NSCLC (ID 402)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Early Stage NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
OA19.02 - Sex Differences Are Detected in the Profile of Tumor Associated Inflammatory Cells (TAICs) Are Lung Adenocarcinoma (ID 5451)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): P. Villalobos
A number of studies have characterized TAICs in lung cancer and associated their levels of infiltration with patients’ outcome. There is limited information about the correlation of TAICs infiltration with clinical and pathological features of lung cancer. We investigated the association between patterns of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes and macrophages with detailed clinical and pathological features in lung adenocarcinoma.
We studied archival tumor tissue from 93 surgically resected lung adenocarcinomas, stages I to III. Density of TAICs expressing CD3, CD4, CD8, and CD68 was evaluated using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and image analysis. TAICs density was correlated with tumor’s histological characteristics and patients’ characteristics.
We found significant differences in the TAICs infiltrate density of lung adenocarcinomas based on patients’ characteristics. Overall: a) females showed higher levels of CD8+ (P=0.01) and CD3+ (P=0.03) cell density than males; b) smaller tumors (<3cms) showed more CD4+ (P=0.01) and CD3+ (P=0.03) cells than larger tumors; and, c) tumors with solid histology pattern showed higher levels of CD8+ (P=0.03) cells than non-solid pattern. No overall significant differences on TAICs infiltrates were detected by age, tobacco exposure by pack-years and TTF-1 IHC expression score. However when TAICs density of tumors was examined by sex we found the following: a) in larger tumor (>3cms), females demonstrated higher levels of CD8+ cells (P=0.0007) than males; b) tumors from females older than the median age (63 years) showed more CD4+ (P=0.04), CD8+ (P=0.009) and CD3+ (P=0.042) cells than males; c) tumors from females with <40 pack-years of tobacco history showed significantly higher levels of CD3+ (P=0.004) and CD68+ (P=0.004) cells than males; d) tumors from females with high levels of TTF1 expression (score >150) showed higher levels of CD8+ cells(P=0.03) than males; e) females with tumors having non-solid histology pattern showed higher CD8+ (P=0.02) and CD3+ (P=0.02) cells than males. Finally, tumors expressing low levels of TTF-1 and lower CD4+ cells correlated significantly with worse overall recurrence free survival and overall survival in both males (P<0.0001) and females (P=0.0072).
In lung adenocarcinoma, TAICs infiltration correlates with clinical characteristics of patients and pathological features of tumors, particularly, sex, age, size and TTF-1 expression. Compared with men, lung adenocarcinomas from females showed higher levels of TAICs, particularly at older age, larger tumor size, less exposure to tobacco, and more differentiated histological patterns. (UT Lung SPORE and MD Anderson Moon Shot Program).
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P2.01 - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 461)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Poster Presenters Present
- Track: Biology/Pathology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 12/06/2016, 14:30 - 15:45, Hall B (Poster Area)
P2.01-061 - Image Analysis-Based Expression of Nine Immune Checkpoints Identifies Distinct Immunoprofiling Patterns in Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinomas (ID 5548)
14:30 - 15:45 | Author(s): P. Villalobos
The understanding of the co-expression of immune checkpoints in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is important to potentially design combinatorial immunotherapy approaches in this disease. We examined the expression of a panel of immune checkpoints markers by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and quantitative image analysis in a large cohort of surgically resected NSCLCs, and correlated those findings with patients’ clinicopathological features and tumors’ inflammatory cells infiltrate and molecular characteristics.
We studied 225 formalin fixed and paraffin embedded (FFPE) tumor tissues from stage I-III NSCLCs, including 123 adenocarcinomas (ADC) and 83 squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), placed in tissue microarrays (TMAs). Nine immune checkpoints markers, 4 (PD-L1, B7-H3, B7-H4, IDO1) expressed predominantly in malignant cells (MCs), and 5 (ICOS, VISTA, TIM3, LAG3 and OX40) expressed mostly in stromal tumor associated inflammatory cells (TAICs). All IHC markers were examined using quantitative image analysis system (Aperio).
Using > median value of the immune checkpoint expressions as positive expression we observed that MCs H-score expressing PD-L1, B7-H3, B7-H4 and IDO1was higher in SCC than ADC, with 3 out of 4 markers showing statistically significant (P<0.05) differences. In contrast, density of TAICs expressing ICOS, VISTA, OX40, LAG3 and TIM3 was higher in ADC than SCC, with 3 out of 5 markers demonstrating significant (P<0.05) differences. Furthermore, we identified frequent co-expression of markers: a) 11% ADC (13/123) and 10% SCC (8/83) co-expressed 8 to 9 markers; b) 45% ADC (55/123) and 32% SCC (27/83) co-expressed 6 to 7 markers, c) 28% ADC (35/123) and 40% SCC (33/83) co-expressed 4 to 5 markers, and d) 16% ADC (20/123) and 18% SCC (15/83) co-expressed 2 to 3 markers. In ADC, higher number of TAICs expressing OX40 and lower levels of MCs expressing B7-H4 were detected in tumors with EGFR (median, 7.49 vs. 1.16, P=0.021) and KRAS (median, 6.88 vs. 0.67, P=0.033) mutation compared with wild-type tumors, respectively. Univariate analysis demonstrated that high B7-H4 and low OX40 expression in MCs and in TAICs respectively correlated with worse overall survival (OS; P=0.016 and P=0.037, respectively) in ADC patients.
We detected different patterns of immune checkpoints expression in NSCLC with higher level of markers found in malignant cells of SCC and in stromal inflammatory cells of ADC. Immune checkpoints expression correlated with the outcome of NSCLC patients. Importantly, co-expression of several immune checkpoints is a frequent event in NSCLC (Supported by CPRIT MIRA and UT Lung SPORE grants).