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MA12 - Miscellaneous Biology/Pathology (ID 476)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Biology/Pathology
- Presentations: 1
MA12.01 - Next Generation Sequencing Based Clinical Framework for Analyses of Treatment Predictive Mutations and Gene Fusions in Lung Cancer (ID 4108)
14:20 - 15:50 | Author(s): K. Holm
The use of new, emerging techniques in the search of tailored patient therapies is rapidly becoming a reality. Here we describe the optimization and implementation of next generation sequencing for treatment predictive mutation screening in parallel with gene fusion status of ALK, RET and ROS1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.
The Illumina TruSight tumor 26-gene NGS panel was validated in 81 clinical routine FFPE or cytology specimens and implemented in 533 diagnostic NSCLCs during one year of clinical analysis. In parallel, a RNA-based NanoString method was evaluated in 169 cases for gene fusion status of ALK, RET and ROS1.
We have successfully established a streamlined workflow with a 5-day turnaround time from specimen arrival to mutation report. The concordance in the validation cohort was 99% for comparable variants. In the 533 diagnostic samples, 1-2 variants were detected in 79% of the cases. Most frequently mutated genes included TP53, KRAS, EGFR, STK11, and BRAF, all with differences in mutational patterns between histological subgroups. The RNA-based NanoString assay was successfully established and validated. The success rate in the 169 cases was 80% and 10 gene fusions were found (five ALK fusions, three RET fusions and two ROS1 fusions) all in adenocarcinomas. Integration of mutation and gene fusion status revealed that 68% of adenocarcinomas, 13% of SqCCs and 56% of NSCLC-NOS harbored ≥1 actionable alteration ALK, RET, ROS1, EGFR, KRAS, PIK3CA, BRAF, NRAS, MAP2K1, ERBB2 or AKT1. Specifically, in 13.2% of the adenocarcinomas where no EGFR or ALK alteration was detected emerging targeted therapy may be considered in addition to the 15.3% of patients that was eligible for EGFR or ALK inhibitors. The corresponding proportions for SqCCs were 5.5% in addition to the 2.2%, and for NSCLC-NOS 2.5% in addition to the 11.2% eligible for EGFR or ALK inhibitors.
Next generation sequencing in combination with the NanoString technology is time- and cost efficient in the diagnostic routine for treatment predictive mutation screening and gene fusion status detection. The techniques represent valuable tools for pinpointing patients eligible to standard targeted therapies in addition to new emerging therapies.
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