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MA09 - Immunotherapy Combinations (ID 390)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy/Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
MA09.03 - Cisplatin/Pemetrexed + Durvalumab +/- Tremelimumab in Pts with Advanced Non-Squamous NSCLC: A CCTG Phase IB Study - IND.226 (ID 5522)
14:20 - 15:50 | Author(s): P. Bradbury
Immune checkpoint inhibitors are now established therapies in many advanced cancers. Preliminary studies suggest combining immune checkpoint inhibitors with platinum-based chemotherapy may enhance anti-tumour activity. The primary objective of this multi-centre study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of durvalumab (Du), a PD-L1 inhibitor, ± tremelimumab (Tr), a CTLA-4 inhibitor, in combination with one of four standard platinum-doublet regimens (pemetrexed (pem), gemcitabine, etoposide (each with cisplatin) or nab-paclitaxel (with carboplatin)), in order to establish a recommended phase II dose (R2PD) for each combination. This abstract focuses on the pem / cisplatin cohort in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Patients (pts) with advanced NSCLC (no prior treatment for advanced disease) who were eligible for treatment with cisplatin and pemetrexed were enrolled into one of four dose levels, regardless of tumour PD-L1 status. Concurrent with chemotherapy, dose level (DL) 0 added Du 15 mg/kg IV q3wks; DL1 added Du 15mg/kg q3wk + Tr 1mg/kg x1 dose; DL2a added Du 15mg/kg q3wk + Tr 1 mg/kg q6wk x multiple doses; DL2b added Du 15mg/kg q3wk + Tr 3 mg/kg q6wk (1 dose with cycle 1 and 2 doses with maintenance pem). Pemetrexed and Du maintenance continued after completion of 4-6 cycles of pemetrexed and cisplatin.
Twenty-four pts (median age=61 (range 37-78); 50% female, 95% ECOG PS≤1, were enrolled (5 pts to each of DL 0 and 1 and 7 pts each to DL2a and 2b). Thus far 121 cycles have been administered. The majority of drug-related adverse events (AEs) were ≤ grade 2. Most AEs were related to chemotherapy; other AEs were chemotherapy or immune-related (renal, hepatic, skin and pulmonary toxicity). AEs that were considered related to Du or Tr were mainly ≤ grade 2, the most common of which were fatigue (46%), nausea/vomiting (25%), anorexia (21%) and diarrhea (13%). Two pts (DL2a) had serious related AEs (febrile neutropenia related to chemotherapy and lung infection/pneumonitis related to both chemotherapy and Du + T (considered a DLT)). Seventeen of the 24 patients are currently evaluable for response. The provisional objective response rate is 52.9% (95% CI: 28 -77%).
In this PD-1 unselected patient population, Du 15mg/kg q3w and Tr 1mg/kg (multiple doses q6w) or 3mg/kg (3 doses q6w) can be safely combined with full doses of platinum-doublet chemotherapy. Additional studies with this combination are being planned.
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P2.03b - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 465)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Poster Presenters Present
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 12/06/2016, 14:30 - 15:45, Hall B (Poster Area)
P2.03b-008 - The Impact of Brain Metastases and Their Treatment on Health Utility Scores in Molecular Subsets of Lung Cancer Patients (ID 4348)
14:30 - 15:45 | Author(s): P. Bradbury
New therapies, particularly in advanced patients with EGFR-mutated and ALK-rearranged tumors, result in prolonged survival. Brain metastases and/or their treatment, may have a negative impact on health-related quality of life. Technological assessment of the cost-effectiveness of various treatments for brain metastases will benefit from measurements of health-related qualify of life and health utility scores (HUS). This study evaluated the impact of brain metastases on HUS across multiple health states defined on the basis on disease stability, brain-specific therapies, and molecularly-defined subsets of NSCLC.
A longitudinal cohort study at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre evaluated 1571 EQ5D-3L-derived HUS in 476 Stage IV lung cancer outpatients, from Dec, 2014 through May, 2016: EGFR+ (n=183), ALK+ (n=38), wild-type (WT) non-squamous (n=171), squamous (n=29), and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) (n=30). Patients were stratified according to presence or absence of brain metastases at the time of assessment; mean HUS (± standard error of the mean, SEM) by presence of brain metastases and various health states and disease subtypes were reported. For patients with repeated measures, only the earliest time point was analyzed.
172 patients had brain metastases, median age 62, (range 32-86) years and 304 patients did not have brain metastases, median age 66 (29-96) years. Overall HUS was related to disease subtype but not presence of brain metastases: EGFR/ALK+ patients with (0.78±0.02) or without brain metastases (0.79±0.01) versus WT/SCC/SCLC with (0.74±0.02) and without brain metastases (0.73±0.01) (p=0.01 by subtype; p>0.10 by presence of brain metastases). However, symptomatic CNS disease (0.69±0.04) had lower HUS (versus asymptomatic disease (0.77±0.02)) (p=0.03). Patients achieving intracranial stability or response to treatment had significantly higher HUS (0.81±0.05) than patients with progressive CNS metastases (0.72±0.02) (p=0.03). Extra-cranial control also correlated with higher HUS (0.81±0.02 versus 0.69±0.03, p<0.0001). When local treatment for brain metastases was delivered within 6 months, HUS was lower (0.71±0.02 versus 0.82±0.02, p=0.0005). CNS disease treated only with systemic therapy or on no active therapy had mean HUS of 0.81±0.03, while patients treated only with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) had values of 0.80±0.04; there was a trend for lower HUS with whole brain radiation (WBRT) only (0.72±0.03) or WBRT+SRS (0.74±0.03) (p=0.11).
Brain metastasis stability has significant impact on HUS in lung cancer patients. Treatment modalities of brain metastases may also impact HUS. Data collection is ongoing; updated HUS data including longitudinal assessments and multivariable analyses will be presented.