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M. Mates

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    MA09 - Immunotherapy Combinations (ID 390)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy/Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA09.03 - Cisplatin/Pemetrexed + Durvalumab +/- Tremelimumab in Pts with Advanced Non-Squamous NSCLC: A CCTG Phase IB Study - IND.226 (ID 5522)

      14:20 - 15:50  |  Author(s): M. Mates

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Immune checkpoint inhibitors are now established therapies in many advanced cancers. Preliminary studies suggest combining immune checkpoint inhibitors with platinum-based chemotherapy may enhance anti-tumour activity. The primary objective of this multi-centre study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of durvalumab (Du), a PD-L1 inhibitor, ± tremelimumab (Tr), a CTLA-4 inhibitor, in combination with one of four standard platinum-doublet regimens (pemetrexed (pem), gemcitabine, etoposide (each with cisplatin) or nab-paclitaxel (with carboplatin)), in order to establish a recommended phase II dose (R2PD) for each combination. This abstract focuses on the pem / cisplatin cohort in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

      Patients (pts) with advanced NSCLC (no prior treatment for advanced disease) who were eligible for treatment with cisplatin and pemetrexed were enrolled into one of four dose levels, regardless of tumour PD-L1 status. Concurrent with chemotherapy, dose level (DL) 0 added Du 15 mg/kg IV q3wks; DL1 added Du 15mg/kg q3wk + Tr 1mg/kg x1 dose; DL2a added Du 15mg/kg q3wk + Tr 1 mg/kg q6wk x multiple doses; DL2b added Du 15mg/kg q3wk + Tr 3 mg/kg q6wk (1 dose with cycle 1 and 2 doses with maintenance pem). Pemetrexed and Du maintenance continued after completion of 4-6 cycles of pemetrexed and cisplatin.

      Twenty-four pts (median age=61 (range 37-78); 50% female, 95% ECOG PS≤1, were enrolled (5 pts to each of DL 0 and 1 and 7 pts each to DL2a and 2b). Thus far 121 cycles have been administered. The majority of drug-related adverse events (AEs) were ≤ grade 2. Most AEs were related to chemotherapy; other AEs were chemotherapy or immune-related (renal, hepatic, skin and pulmonary toxicity). AEs that were considered related to Du or Tr were mainly ≤ grade 2, the most common of which were fatigue (46%), nausea/vomiting (25%), anorexia (21%) and diarrhea (13%). Two pts (DL2a) had serious related AEs (febrile neutropenia related to chemotherapy and lung infection/pneumonitis related to both chemotherapy and Du + T (considered a DLT)). Seventeen of the 24 patients are currently evaluable for response. The provisional objective response rate is 52.9% (95% CI: 28 -77%).

      In this PD-1 unselected patient population, Du 15mg/kg q3w and Tr 1mg/kg (multiple doses q6w) or 3mg/kg (3 doses q6w) can be safely combined with full doses of platinum-doublet chemotherapy. Additional studies with this combination are being planned.

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