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MA09 - Immunotherapy Combinations (ID 390)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy/Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
MA09.02 - Pembrolizumab + Carboplatin and Pemetrexed as 1st-Line Therapy for Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: KEYNOTE-021 Cohort G (ID 5787)
14:20 - 15:50 | Author(s): S. Jalal
Platinum doublet chemotherapy ± bevacizumab is standard first-line therapy for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without genetic aberrations. Single-agent pembrolizumab exhibits robust antitumor activity in PD-L1–positive advanced NSCLC. Cohort G of the multicenter, open-label, phase 1/2 multicohort KEYNOTE-021 study (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02039674) evaluated the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab + carboplatin and pemetrexed compared with carboplatin and pemetrexed in patients with treatment-naive advanced nonsquamous NSCLC with any PD-L1 expression.
Cohort G enrollment criteria included patients with stage IIIB/IV nonsquamous NSCLC, no activating EGFR mutation or ALK translocation, no prior systemic therapy, measurable disease, ECOG performance status 0-1, and adequate tumor sample for assessment of PD-L1 status, regardless of PD-L1 expression. Patients were randomized 1:1 to 4 cycles of pembrolizumab 200 mg Q3W + carboplatin AUC 5 (5 mg/mL/min) + pemetrexed 500 mg/m Q3W or carboplatin AUC 5 (5 mg/mL/min) + pemetrexed 500 mg/m Q3W alone, followed by maintenance pemetrexed ± pembrolizumab. Pembrolizumab was given for ≤35 cycles. Randomization was stratified by PD-L1 expression (positive [tumor proportion score, or TPS, ≥1%] vs negative [TPS <1%]). Crossover to pembrolizumab monotherapy was allowed for eligible patients who experienced disease progression (RECIST v1.1) on chemotherapy. Response was assessed by central imaging vendor review every 6 weeks for first 18 weeks, every 9 weeks through year 1, and every 12 weeks in year 2. The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR); secondary end points included progression-free survival (PFS), duration of response, and overall survival (OS). Comparison between arms was assessed using the stratified Miettinen and Nurminen method (ORR) and stratified log-rank test (PFS, OS).
As of January 2016, 123 patients (60 in the pembrolizumab + chemotherapy arm, 63 in the chemotherapy arm) had been enrolled in cohort G. Data on ORR, duration of response, safety, and preliminary PFS and OS results will be available by August 2016.
The conclusion will be updated at the late-breaking submission stage.
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P3.02c - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 472)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Poster Presenters Present
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 12/07/2016, 14:30 - 15:45, Hall B (Poster Area)
P3.02c-102 - Safety and Tolerability of Abemaciclib Combined with LY3023414 or with Pembrolizumab in Patients with Stage IV NSCLC (ID 4625)
14:30 - 15:45 | Author(s): S. Jalal
Currently, treatment options are limited for patients with advanced and/or metastatic NSCLC particularly after initial treatment. In a prior phase 1 study, abemaciclib, a CDK4 & 6 inhibitor, demonstrated single-agent anti-tumor activity when dosed orally on a continuous schedule, with an acceptable safety profile in patients with previously treated metastatic NSCLC (NCT01394016). PI3kinase is an escape pathway after CDK inhibition in tumor models and aberrant immunity is a hallmark of cancer, providing the rationales to combine abemaciclib with PI3K and with checkpoint inhibitors. An ongoing Phase 1b multicenter, open-label, 3+3 dose-escalation trial with an expansion phase is investigating abemaciclib in combination with multiple single-agent options in metastatic NSCLC (NCT02079636). Here we report preliminary results for two arms of the study.
In Part D, abemaciclib was administered orally on a continuous schedule every 12 hours (q12h) in combination with the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, LY3023414, at 100, 150, or 200 mg q12h. In Part E, abemaciclib was administered in combination with the anti-PD-1 antibody, pembrolizumab (200 mg I.V. infusion q3 weeks). Patients with late stage NSCLC and 1-3 prior therapies without central nervous system metastasis were treated until disease progression or other discontinuation criteria were met. Primary endpoints for each cohort included safety/tolerability and identification of the recommended phase 2 dose. Safety assessments followed the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE v4.0). Parts D and E began enrolling patients on April 13, 2015 and April 29, 2016, respectively.
As of August 24, 2016, Parts D and E escalation included, respectively, 22 [male (64%)/Caucasian (77%)/stage IV (91%)/adenocarcinoma (91%)] and 6 patients [male (33%)/Caucasian (100%)/stage IV (67%)/adenocarcinoma (100%)]. ECOG PS was ≤1 in both cohorts. In Part D, 1 patient on dose level-2 (DL-2) experienced a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) (G4 thrombocytopenia). Evaluation of additional dose levels is ongoing. Seventeen patients (77%) experienced ≥1 treatment-related emergent adverse event (TRAE). Common TRAEs were nausea (50%), diarrhea (50%), vomiting (36%), fatigue (32%), and decreased appetite (27%). In Part E, no DLTs or deaths occurred in the two dosing cohorts evaluated. Four patients (67%) experienced ≥1 TRAE with 75% G1/2. Common TRAEs included fatigue (50%), diarrhea and proteinuria, (33%, each).
The majority of previously treated advanced/metastatic NSCLC patients administered abemaciclib with LY3023414 or with pembrolizumab had manageable and tolerable adverse events, similar to those of the single agents.