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OA12 - SBRT and Other Issues in Early Stage NSCLC (ID 383)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Early Stage NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
OA12.02 - Excellent Survival Achieved by Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Medically Operable and Young (< 75 Years) Patients with Stage I Lung Cancer (ID 5019)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): K. Takayama
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has been sometimes used as a curative treatment for both of medically operable patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, most of these patients are comparatively high-aged and not similar to the patients cohort generally operated with surgery. So, the purpose of this study was to collect results of SBRT for operable and young (70 years old or younger) patients with stage I NSCLC from multiple Japanese institutions.
We organized a multi-institutional SBRT study group in Japanese Radiological Society (JRS-SBRTSG) and conducted a study for SBRT for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This is a retrospective analysis to review 252 patients (male 168, female 84) who were medically operable and 70 years old or younger (range,40-74; median, 67 years) with stage I (IA 211, IB 41) NSCLC treated with curative intent by SBRT in 20 institutions of JRS-SBRTSG. Histology was proven in 177 patients (adenocarcinoma 121, squamous cell carcinoma 41, others 15), and the others were diagnosed clinically. Median tumor size was 22mm (range, 5-49mm). A total dose of 40 -70 Gy mainly was prescribed in 4-10fractions. Median calculated biological effective dose (BED) was 107 Gy (range, 75-134 Gy) based on alpha/beta = 10Gy).
The median follow-up period for all patients was 37 months. Overall survival rate (OS) at three and five year was 83.3% and 76.6%, respectively. Radiation pneumonitis of grade 3 or more was noted in 0.8% of the total patients. In the total patients, local control rate (LC) at three year was 89.5%, and LC was significantly better in the subgroup of adenocarcinoma than that of squamous cell carcinoma. According to univariate analysis, female, adenocarcinoma, no emphysema, and no pulmonary interstitial change were better prognostic factors for OS. According to multivariate analysis, pulmonary interstitial change was only a worse survival factor for OS. OS at three and five year in the subgroup of patients without pulmonary interstitial change was 89.7% and 84.0%, respectively.
The outcomes of SBRT for the medically operable and young (75 years or younger) patients with stage I NSCLC in the Japanese large database of practice level was excellent and the overall survival rate would be comparable to that of surgery. The results will support a rationale of applying SBRT for younger and operable patients with operable stage I NSCLC.
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